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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s1900s1910s 1920s 1930s
Years: 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909
Categories: BirthsDeathsInventions
foundingsDisestablishments

The decade from January 1, 1900 to December 31, 1909 is sometimes referred to as the 1900s, "the nineteen hundreds", although this term can equally be used for the years 1900–1999. "The aughts" or "naughts" (aught-aught through aught-nine) was one of the more popular contemporary terms for this decade.

TechnologyEdit

  • 1902 - Willis Carrier of Angola, New York invented the first indoor air conditioning. "He designed his spray driven air conditioning system which controlled both temperature and humidity using a nozzle originally designed to spray insecticide. He built his "Apparatus for Treating Air" (U.S. Pat. #808897) which was patented in 1906 and using chilled coils which not only controlled heat but could lower the humidity to as low as 55%. The device was even able to adjust the humidity level to a desired setting creating what would become the framework for the modern air conditioner. By adjusting the air movement and temperature level to the refrigeration coils he was able to determine the size and capacity of the unit to match the need of his customers. While Carrier was not the first to design a system like this his was much more stable, successful and safer that other versions and took air conditioning out of the Dark Ages and into the realm of science." [6]
  • 1903 - Mary Anderson invented windshield wipers. In November 1903 Anderson was granted her first patent[7] for an automatic car window cleaning device controlled inside the car, called the windshield wiper.[8] Her device consisted of a lever and a swinging arm with a rubber blade. The lever could be operated from inside a vehicle to cause the spring-loaded arm to move back and forth across the windshield. Similar devices had been made earlier, but Anderson's was the first to be effective.[9]
  • 1908 - Henry Ford of the Ford Motor Company introduces the Ford Model T. The first production Model T was built on September 27, 1908, at the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that "put America on wheels"; some of this was because of Ford's innovations, including assembly line production instead of individual hand crafting, as well as the concept of paying the workers a wage proportionate to the cost of the car, so that they would provide a ready made market.[18]

On this wikiEdit

See alsoEdit

TimelineEdit

The following articles contain brief timelines which list the most prominent events of the decade:

1900190119021903190419051906190719081909

ReferencesEdit

  1. Martin Leduc, "Biography of Rudolph Diesel"
  2. NNDB Mapper:"Wilhelm Maybach"
  3. The history behind the Mercedes-Benz brand and the three-pointed star. eMercedesBenz.com. April 17, 2008.
  4. The Thomas Edison Papers: "Company Records Series -- Edison Storage Battery Company
  5. Mary Bellis, "Biography of Thomas Edison"
  6. "Willis Carrier the "father" of the modern air conditioning"
  7. United States Patent 743,801, Issue Date: November 10, 1903
  8. Women Hold Patents on Important Inventions; USPTO recognizes inventive women during Women's History Month, United States Patent and Trademark Office press release #02–16, March 1, 2002, accessed March 3, 2009
  9. Many Anderson: Windshield Wipers, September 2001, Inventor of the Week Archive, Massachusetts Institute of Technology School of Engineering website, accessed March 3, 2009
  10. Scott, William R. (1913). The Americans in Panama. New York, NY: Statler Publishing Company. 
  11. Acquisition Day, May 4, 1904
  12. The Panama Canal.com: "End of the Construction"
  13. The American Presidency Project: "Woodrow Wilson - Address to a Joint Session of Congress on Panama Canal Tolls" (March 5, 1914)
  14. Gilles R. Maurice, "John F. "Big Smoke" Stevens"
  15. Panama Canal Authority: "George Washington Goethals"
  16. "Agricultural Machinery, Business History of Machinery Manufacturers"
  17. Gerald Beals, "Major Inventions And Events In The Life Of Thomas Alva Edison" (1996
  18. "Henry Ford Changes the World, 1908," EyeWitness to History www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2005)

External linksEdit

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