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Anhui Jianghuai Automobile

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Anhui Jianghuai Automobile
安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司
Founded 1964 (as Hefei Jianghuai Automobile)
Headquarters Hefei, Anhui, China
Industry Automotive
Products Automotive goods
Website www.jac.com.cn

Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd., also known as JAC, is an truck manufacturer based in Hefei, Anhui Province, China. The company was founded on 30 September 1999. The company was previously known as Hefei Jianghuai Automobile Factory, which was founded in 1964.

The JAC's flagship model is JAC Refine[1], an MPV based on Hyundai Starex.[2]


In 2010, JAC announced a joint venture with NC2 Global to build and distribute heavy-duty trucks.[3]

HistoryEdit

JAC HFC7200

2008 Jianghuai Bingyue C-Class

Established in 1964 as Hefei Jianghuai Automobile Factory, its name was changed to Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co Ltd in 1997.[4] The company made an IPO on the Shanghai Stock Exchange in 2001.[5]

JAC has historically only produced commercial trucks (under the brand name Jianghui), but MPVs and SUVs appeared in the 2000s. By 2007 the company had gained government approval for passenger car production but, nonetheless, continued to be referred to as a truck maker.[6] When it was known as a commercial vehicle manufacturer, JAC cooperated with Hyundai Motors. Beginning in 2003,[7] it assembled Hyundai MPVs although this stopped sometime prior to 2007.[8] At least two models based on Hyundai technology continued to be made by JAC after the cooperation was cancelled–a MPV[8] and a SUV.[9] Hyundai explored setting up a joint venture with the company in 2004,[7] but the plan was soon discarded.[10]

In a recent event a 2009 Chinese government indication that it was in continued support of consolidation in the Chinese auto industry led analysts to predict the possibility of JAC joining with Chery since they are both located in Anhui province.[11] On the surface such a merger would make sense: Chery mainly built passenger cars and JAC was almost entirely focused on trucks at the time. Since then, however, JAC has made it clear that they are not interested in consolidation under the aegis of the larger Chery.[12] JAC has began to concentrate more on passenger cars, and a 2010 announcement of a new electric vehicle program may at least partially have been an effort to stave off the rumored merger.[12]

Sales reached more than 300,000 units in 2009 including 12,100 sold overseas.[13]

In 2010 it was one of the top ten most-productive vehicle manufacturers in China selling 458,500 units for 2.5% market share and reaching eighth place.[14] Estimated production capacity is over 500,000 units/year as of 2009.[5] Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

Joint VenturesEdit

JAC announced a pair of joint ventures with Navistar International Corporation and NC2 Global (itself a Navistar/Caterpillar joint venture) on 16 September 2010.[15] The NC2 joint venture will manufacture heavy duty trucks and parts, while the Navistar joint venture will build medium to heavy diesel engines in China with parts and services provisioned by Navistar.[16] The new companies will both be located in Hefei where JAC is also based.[16]

Sales outside ChinaEdit

2010 JAC Trip aka Heyue RS

JAC Heyue RS at the 2010 Salón del Automóvil de Santiago in Chile.

Since export began in 1990 (to Bolivia), JAC products have been sold in over 100 nations.[17] Light trucks are a popular export product.[18]

Some exports are in the form of knock-down kits, which are assembled at overseas factories in countries including Egypt, Ethiopia, and Vietnam.[19] As of 2010 a possible factory in Slovakia is under discussion.[20] Such factories are not necessarily owned by or affiliated with JAC. Knock-down exports are an easy way to gain access to developing markets without added after-sales service costs.

In 2009 JAC started a partnership with a distributor in Brazil, the SHC group. As of early 2011, it had more than 10,000 firm orders from its Brazilian partner.[21] In 2009 JAC also had plans to build a production base in the country.[22] As of 2011, the plant will be located in Bahia state and built in cooperation with the SHC group, which is providing 80% of the initial investment.[23]

Production bases and facilitiesEdit

An R&D facility in Hefei, capital of Anhui province, is complemented by two overseas R&D centres in Turin, Italy, and in Tokyo, Japan.[5]

A 40,000 unit/year medium-to-heavy truck production base should become operation in 2012[24] and is probably located in Hefei. Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

ProductsEdit

MPVsEdit

SRVsEdit

Mini TrucksEdit

Light TrucksEdit

Special-purpose vehiclesEdit

Middle-duty TrucksEdit

  • Middle Duty Truck

Heavy TrucksEdit

  • Heavy Trailer
  • Heavy-Duty Truck

EnginesEdit

  • 4DA1-1
  • 4DA1-2B1
  • 2.0LTCI
  • 2.4LCBR

ChassisEdit

  • HFC6100KY
  • HFC6700K6C
  • HFC6700K3Y
  • HFC6782KYZL2
  • HFC6832KYZL1

ReferencesEdit

  1. Welcome to Anhui! - Chery on top - Chinadaily
  2. Invest in Torino and Piemonte - Chinese carmaker opens styling center in Turin
  3. http://chinaautoweb.com/2010/09/jac-partners-with-nc2-navistar/
  4. For year established, see Introduction: JAC Motors-- Coordinate Balance and Pursue Excellence JAC Official Site
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named intro
  6. For historical production of trucks and 2000s introduction of MPVs and SUVs, see History JAC Official Site
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Hyundai Motor sets up China truck JV", MarketWatch (Sept. 8, 2004). Retrieved on July 14, 2012. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Ash (DECEMBER 19, 2007). "Uhh oh! Two Korean Hyundai employees arrested for leaking info to JAC JAC MOTORS", chinacartimes.com. Retrieved on July 14, 2012. 
  9. "JAC Eagle SUV gains Audi style grill for 2011 JAC MOTORS", chinacartimes.com (JANUARY 27, 201). Retrieved on July 14, 2012. 
  10. "Hyundai to set up US$1.2b China truck venture". China Daily (2005-06-21). Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
  11. Big China carmakers, on government cue, woo small rivals (page 2/2) reuters.com, Mon Mar 9, 2009 9:03am EDT
  12. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named wsb
  13. "JAC (Jianghuai) Teams up with Brazilian Dealer SHC", ChinaAutoWeb.com. 
  14. China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
  15. "JAC Partners with NC2, Navistar", ChinaAutoWeb.com. 
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named navi
  17. "Worldwide: Where there is a road, there is a JAC". JAC Motors. Retrieved on 2011-03-07.
  18. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ltc
  19. For knock-down factory in Egypt, see The first JAC CKD SRV rolls off in Egypt JAC Official Site
  20. China's JAC eyes car assembly plant in Slovakia reuters.com, Tue May 4, 2010 7:46am EDT
  21. 46 JAC Brazil Outlets Opened at the Same Time, JAC Plans to Export More than 300,000 Units in 2015 JAC Official Site, 2011-3-23
  22. China's JAC Motors to build vehicle plant in Brazil gasgoo.com, July 03, 2009
  23. "China's JAC Motors to build plant in Brazil". reuters.com. Thompson Reuters (Oct 7, 2011). Retrieved on July 14, 2012.
  24. China Jianghuai gets OK for $133 mln truck project reuters.com, Thu Nov 29, 2007 12:52am EST

External linksEdit

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