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The name Bofors has been associated with the iron industry for more than 350 years. Located in Karlskoga, Sweden, it originates from the hammer mill "Boofors" founded 1646. The company was founded in 1873. Bofors' most famous owner was Alfred Nobel who owned the company from 1894 until his death in December 1896. He had the key role in reshaping the iron manufacturer to a modern cannon manufacturer and chemical industry.
Bofors are best known in the UK for the Bofors Machine gun / Anti-aircraft guns fitted on ships by the Navy in the 2nd World war.
Recent company historyEdit
In 1999 Saab purchased the Celsius Group, then the parent company for Bofors. In September 2000 United Defense Industries (UDI) of the United States acquired Bofors Weapons Systems (the heavy weapons division), while Saab retained the missile interests.
Thus Bofors is today split in two parts:
- BAE Systems Bofors (BAE Systems acquired United Defense and its Bofors subsidiary in 2005)
- Saab Bofors Dynamics
The name Bofors is strongly associated with a 40 mm anti-aircraft gun based on a Bofors design which was produced and used by both sides during World War II, and often called simply the Bofors gun. The gun saw service on land and sea, and became so widely known that anti-aircraft guns in general were often referred to as Bofors guns. Another well-known gun made by the company was the Bofors 37 mm anti-tank gun, a standard anti-tank weapon used by a variety of armies early in the war. It was built under license in Poland and the USA and was also used in a variety of tanks, including the 7TP and M3A3 Stuart.
In recent years the Bofors company has lost much of its reputation in Sweden due to various suspect affairs, the most scandalous being the allegegation of kickbacks involved in securing a contract with the Indian Army in 1986.
- Advance - early make of tractor.
- List of Tractor Manufacturers
- Akzo Nobel
- List of modern armament manufacturers
- List of oldest companies
References / sourcesEdit
- Classic Tractors of the World by Nick Baldwin