Wikia

Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki

Bugatti

Talk0
14,422pages on
this wiki

Coordinates: 48°31′32″N 07°30′01″E / 48.52556°N 7.50028°E / 48.52556; 7.50028

Bugatti
Fate Sold to Hispano-Suiza in 1963
Founded 1909
Founder(s) Ettore Bugatti
Headquarters

1, Château Saint Jean Dorlisheim
67120 Molsheim[1]

France
Key people Ettore Bugatti (founder)
Jean Bugatti
Industry Automotive
Products Automobiles, aeroplane parts

Bugatti was a French car manufacturer founded in 1909 in Molsheim, Alsace, as a manufacturer of high-performance automobiles by Italian-born Ettore Bugatti.

Bugattis were well known for the beauty of their designs (Ettore Bugatti was from a family of artists and considered himself to be both an artist and constructor) and for the large number of races they won. The death of Ettore Bugatti in 1947 proved to be the end for the marque, and the death of his son Jean in 1939 ensured there wasn't a successor to lead the factory. No more than about 8000 cars were made. The company struggled financially, and released one last model in the 1950s, before eventually being purchased for its airplane parts business in the 1960s. Today the name is owned by Volkswagen Group, who have revived it as a builder of limited production exclusive sports cars.

Under Ettore BugattiEdit

Founder Ettore Bugatti was born in Milan, Italy, and the automobile company that bears his name was founded in 1909 in the town of Molsheim located in the Alsace. The company was known both for the level of detail of its engineering in its automobiles, and for the artistic way in which the designs were executed, given the artistic nature of Ettore's family (his father, Carlo Bugatti (1856–1940), was an important Art Nouveau furniture and jewelry designer). The company also enjoyed great success in early Grand Prix motor racing, winning the first ever Monaco Grand Prix. The company's success culminated with driver Jean-Pierre Wimille winning the 24 hours of Le Mans twice (in 1937 with Robert Benoist and 1939 with Pierre Veyron).

Famous Bugattis include the Type 35 Grand Prix cars, the Type 41 "Royale", the Type 57 "Atlantic" and the Type 55 sports car.

DesignEdit

Bugatti's cars were as much works of art as they were mechanical creations. Engine blocks were hand scraped to ensure that the surfaces were so flat that gaskets were not required for sealing, many of the exposed surfaces of the engine compartment featured Guilloché (engine turned) finishes on them, and safety wires threaded through almost every fastener in intricately laced patterns. Rather than bolt the springs to the axles as most manufacturers did, Bugatti's axles were forged such that the spring passed though a carefully sized opening in the axle, a much more elegant solution requiring fewer parts. He famously described his arch competitor Bentley's cars as "the world's fastest lorries" for focusing on durability. According to Bugatti, "weight was the enemy".

Prototypes Racing Cars Road Cars

Racing successEdit

Bugatti cars were extremely successful in racing, with many thousands of victories in just a few decades. The little Bugatti Type 10 swept the top four positions at its first race. The 1924 Bugatti Type 35 is probably the most successful racing car of all time, with over 2,000 wins. Bugattis swept to victory in the Targa Florio for five years straight from 1925 through 1929. Louis Chiron held the most podiums in Bugatti cars, and the 21st century Bugatti company remembered him with a concept car named in his honour. But it was the final racing success at Le Mans that is most remembered—Jean-Pierre Wimille and Pierre Veyron won the 1939 race with just one car and meagre resources.

Year Race Driver Car
1921 Voiturettes Grand Prix Ernest Friderich
1925 Targa Florio Bartolomeo Costantini Type 35
1926 French Grand Prix Jules Goux Type 39 A
Italian Grand Prix Louis Charavel
Spanish Grand Prix Bartolomeo Costantini
Targa Florio Bartolomeo Costantini Type 35 T
1927 Targa Florio Emilio Materassi Type 35 C
1928 French Grand Prix William Grover-Williams Type 35 C
Italian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
Spanish Grand Prix Louis Chiron
Targa Florio Albert Divo Type 35 B
1929 French Grand Prix William Grover-Williams Type 35 B
German Grand Prix Louis Chiron
Spanish Grand Prix Louis Chiron
Monaco Grand Prix William Grover-Williams
Targa Florio Albert Divo Type 35 C
1930 Belgian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Heinrich-Joachim von Morgen and Hermann zu Leiningen
French Grand Prix Philippe Étancelin Type 35 C
Monaco Grand Prix René Dreyfus
1931 Belgian Grand Prix William Grover-Williams and Caberto Conelli
Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
French Grand Prix Louis Chiron and Achille Varzi Type 51
Monaco Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1932 Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
1933 Czechoslovakian Grand Prix Louis Chiron
Monaco Grand Prix Achille Varzi
1934 Belgian Grand Prix René Dreyfus
1936 French Grand Prix Jean-Pierre Wimille and Raymond Sommer Type 57 G
1937 24 hours of Le Mans Jean-Pierre Wimille and Robert Benoist Type 57 G
1939 24 hours of Le Mans Jean-Pierre Wimille and Pierre Veyron Type 57 C

Bugatti in Formula OneEdit

(key)

Year Chassis Engine(s) Tires Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Points WCC
1956 Bugatti Type 251 Bugatti Straight-8 D ARG MON 500 BEL FRA GBR GER ITA 0* -*
Maurice Trintignant Ret

* The World Constructors' Championship was not awarded before 1958.

AviationEdit

The Bugatti 100PEdit

In the 1930s, Ettore Bugatti got involved in the creation of a racer airplane, hoping to beat the Germans in the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize. This would be the Bugatti 100P,[3][4] which never flew. It was designed by Belgian engineer Louis de Monge who had already applied Bugatti Brescia engines in his "Type 7.5" lifting body.

RailwaysEdit

Ettore Bugatti also designed a successful motorised railcar, the Autorail (Autorail Bugatti).[5]

The endEdit

His son, Jean Bugatti, was killed on 11 August 1939 at the age of 30, while testing a Type 57 tank-bodied race car near the Molsheim factory. Subsequently the company's fortunes began to decline. World War II ruined the factory in Molsheim, and the company lost control of the property. During the war, Bugatti planned a new factory at Levallois in the northwestern suburbs of Paris and designed a series of new cars, including the Type 73 road car and Type 73C single seater racing car (5 built). After World War II, a 375 cc supercharged car was canceled when Ettore Bugatti died on 21 August 1947. The business underwent a lingering demise, making its last appearance as a business in its own right at a Paris Motor Show in October 1952.[6]

The company attempted a comeback under Roland Bugatti in the mid-1950s with the mid-engined Type 251 race car. Designed with help from Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, and Maserati designer Gioacchino Colombo, the car failed to perform to expectations, and the company's attempts at automobile production were halted.

In the 1960s, Virgil Exner designed a Bugatti as part of his "Revival Cars" project. A show version of this car was actually built by Ghia using the last Bugatti Type 101 chassis, and was shown at the 1965 Turin Motor Show. Finance was not forthcoming, and Exner then turned his attention to a revival of Stutz.

Bugatti continued manufacturing airplane parts and was sold to Hispano-Suiza (another auto maker turned aircraft supplier) in 1963. Snecma took over in 1968, later acquiring Messier. The two were merged into Messier-Bugatti in 1977.

Recent news about BugattisEdit

On 2 January 2009, it was revealed that a rare 1937 Bugatti Type 57S Atalante had been found in the garage of a deceased surgeon in England. Only 17 of this model were made, all by hand.[7]

On 10 July 2009, a 1925 Bugatti Brescia Type 22 which had lain at the bottom of Lake Maggiore on the border of Switzerland and Italy for 75 years was lifted out of the water. The Mullin Museum in Oxnard, California bought it at auction for $351,343 at Bonham's Retromobile sale in Paris in 2010.

Bugatti brand used afterwardsEdit

Bugatti Automobili SpAEdit

2007-06-15 18 Bugatti EB 110 (bearb - kl)
Bugatti EB110 (1996)
Scoty6776Added by Scoty6776

Italian entrepreneur Romano Artioli acquired the Bugatti name in 1987, and established Bugatti Automobili SpA. The new company built a factory designed by the architect Giampaolo Benedini in Campogalliano, Italy, a town near Modena, home to other performance-car manufacturers De Tomaso, Ferrari, Pagani and Maserati.

By 1989 the plans for the new Bugatti revival were presented by Paolo Stanzani and Marcello Gandini, famous designers of the Lamborghini Miura and Countach. The first completed car was labelled the Bugatti EB110 GT, advertised as the most technically advanced sports car ever produced.

From 1992 through 1994 famed racing car designer Mauro Forghieri was technical director.

On 27 August 1993, through his holding company, ACBN Holdings S.A. of Luxembourg, Romano Artioli purchased the Lotus car company from General Motors. The acquisition brought together two of the greatest historical names in automotive racing, and plans were made for listing the company's shares on international stock exchanges. Bugatti also presented in 1993 the prototype of a large saloon called the EB112.

By the time the EB110 came to market the North American and European economies were in recession, and operations ceased in September 1995. A model specific to the United States market called the "Bugatti America" was in the preparatory stages when the company closed. Bugatti's liquidators sold Lotus to Proton of Malaysia.

In 1997 German manufacturer Dauer Racing bought the EB110 license and remaining parts stock to Bugatti in order to produce five more EB110 SS units, although they were greatly refined by Dauer. The factory was later sold to a furniture-making company, which also collapsed before they were able to move in, leaving the building unoccupied.[8] The company Dauer Sportwagen stopped producing Supercars. All original Bugatti parts especially the high performance parts of the EB110SS and the equipment were bought in 2011 by the company Toscana-Motors GmbH (Kaiserslautern/Germany).

Perhaps the most famous Bugatti EB110 owner was racing driver Michael Schumacher, seven-time Formula One World Champion, who bought the EB110 in 1994 while racing for the Benetton team. In 2003 Schumacher sold the car—which had been repaired after a severe crash the year he bought it—to Modena Motorsport, a Ferrari service and race preparation garage in Germany.

Bugatti AutomobilesEdit

Bugatti veyron in Tokyo
Veyron 16.4.
Scoty6776Added by Scoty6776
Main article: Bugatti Automobiles

Volkswagen AG purchased the rights to produce cars under the Bugatti marque in 1998. They commissioned ItalDesign to produce the Bugatti EB118 concept, a touring saloon (sedan), which featured a 408 kilowatts (555 PS/547 bhp)[citation needed], and the first W-configuration 16-cylinder engine in any passenger vehicle, at the Paris Auto Show.

In 1999, the Bugatti EB 218 concept was introduced at the Geneva Auto Show; later that year the Bugatti 18/3 Chiron was introduced at the Frankfurt Motor Show (IAA). At the Tokyo Motor Show, the EB 218 reappeared, and the Bugatti EB 16.4 Veyron was presented as the first incarnation of what was to be a production road car.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Contact". bugatti.com. Retrieved on 2011-05-27.
  2. Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886–1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
  3. "Bugatti Model 100 at the EAA Museum". Retrieved on 2009-01-28.
  4. "Bugatti Aircraft Association – 100P Airplane". Bugattiaircraft.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-31.
  5. "Streamlined Auto-Rail Car Used in France" Popular Mechanics, December 1934
  6. "Automobilia", Toutes les voitures françaises 1953 (salon Paris oct 1952) (Paris: Histoire & collections) Nr. 14: Pages 6 & 10. 2000. 
  7. "1937 Bugatti Atalante Supercar, One of 17, Found in English Garage, Associated Press, January 2, 2009". Huffingtonpost.com (2009-01-02). Retrieved on 2011-05-27.
  8. Copyright. Est February 2003.. "Bugatti on TradeTwentyfourSeven website". Trade-247.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-31.

External linksEdit

Commons-logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Bugatti. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

Advertisement | Your ad here

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki