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Chang'an Automobile (Group) Co., Ltd.
重庆长安汽车股份有限公司
Type State-owned
Founded 1862
Headquarters Chongqing, China
Industry Automotive
Products Motor vehicles
Website www.changan.com.cn/ (Chinese)
Chang'an Automobile (Group) Co Ltd[1] (
中文:
) is an automobile manufacturer in Chongqing, China, and a state-owned enterprise[2] with China Weaponry Equipment as parent.[3]

Its production capacity is primarily composed of no frills passenger cars and mini vehicles,[4] smaller trucks and vans that see commercial use.

Also known as Chana,[5] in 2010 it became the fourth most-productive automaker in the Chinese automobile industry[6][7] by selling 2.38 million units.[8]

A subsidiary, Chongqing Changan Automobile Company (SZSE: 000625 ), is listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (but, as of 2007, it is also state controlled).[2]

Foreign automakers that have joined joint ventures with Chang'an include Ford, Suzuki, and PSA Peugeot Citroen.

The company recently released a new logo for its consumer offerings; commercial production retains the red one.[4]

HistoryEdit

Chang'an claims its early origins can be traced back to 1862[9] when Hongzhang Li set up the Shanghai Foreign Gun Bureau.[10] How this company and today's Chang'an are linked is not clear, however.

Chang'an FactoryEdit

In the late 1950s its predecessor company, Chang'an Factory,[10] assembled a jeep[10][11] sold under the brand name Yangtze River.[10] By the end of the 1980s the company was also producing mini vehicles,[12] small trucks and vans that see commercial use.

Domestic acquisitionsEdit

Chang'an acquired two smaller, domestic automakers in 2009 -- Hafei[6] and Changhe.[13]

SuzukiEdit

Changan Suzuki Alto

Chang'an Suzuki SC7080 Alto

Main article: Chang'an Suzuki

Technical and commercial cooperation with Suzuki Motors, beginning in 1983, saw Chang'an assembling inexpensive commercial trucks (originally the Suzuki Carry ST90) under license into the 2000s.[14] The two companies formed Chongqing Chang'an Suzuki Automobile Co in 1993[11][13] which built licensed versions of the Suzuki Alto and Suzuki Cultus, and more recently also the Swift. In parallel with its Suzuki joint venture, Chang'an also continues to build microvans and microtrucks based on the 1999 Suzuki Carry license, but independently developed vehicles are quickly replacing them.[14] These small vans and trucks are not necessarily Suzuki-branded, although that Japanese automaker's technology is used in their design and manufacture.

In 2010 production capacity at Chang'an Suzuki was estimated at 180,000 units/year and the number of 4S stores, what it calls its dealer network outlets, 1000.[15] Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

In 2010 Chang'an was supposed to merge its Suzuki joint venture with that of Changhe, another automaker that participates in a JV with this Japanese company.[3] This plan, supported by Suzuki, did not see fruition.[13]

FordEdit

Main article: Chang'an Ford
CNpolicecarfocus

a Chinese police Ford Focus, 2007

In 2001 Chana Ford Automobile Co was formed,[11] and it has built Ford-branded passenger vehicles from complete knock down kits.

Making Chinese-market versions of the Fiesta,[4][16] Focus,[4][16] Edge,[17] and Mondeo,[16] etc. its 2010 dealer network was estimated to include nearly 350 showrooms, many in second and third-tier Chinese cities.[18]

Alongside many other Sino-western joint ventures seeking to sell cheaper models to inland cities,[19] Chang'an Ford will also create its own brand.[16] Chang'an Ford JV products already compete in inland cities against cheaper products made by indigenous manufacturers.[16]

Volvo modelsEdit

As a result of cooperation with Ford, the company has also produced Volvo-branded cars.[20] Production of the Volvo S40 and S80, begun in 2007, will continue, although this Swedish automaker was recently purchased from Ford by Geely.[21]

PSA Peugeot CitroënEdit

Chang'an and this French automaker signed a letter of intent in 2010 to set up a 50/50 passenger car and light commercial vehicle-making joint venture.[22] Initial production capacity is estimated to be 200,000 units/year.[23] Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

Electric vehicleEdit

After six years of R&D, Chang'an debuted a hybrid automobile in 2007.[2] The Jiexun, it was brought to market in June, 2010, and may be followed by an all-electric vehicle in 2011.[24] China subsidies oil,[25] and Chinese automakers see opportunities in less mature electric vehicles because Western companies have yet to develop much of a lead in the technology.[26]

Visual identityEdit

On October 31, 2010, Chang'an introduced new vehicle and company logos, in a bid to revamp its visual identity.[4][27]

Joint venturesEdit

Chang'an has part ownership in number of joint venture companies with both foreign and domestic partners.

Production bases and facilitiesEdit

Chang'an has four major production bases (in the City of Chongqing, Hebei province, Jiangsu province and Jiangxi province),[30] eleven automobile production bases and two engine production bases in mainland China[9] for a more-current total of 21 vehicle-making bases including newer sites in Anhui province, Guangdong province, Heilongjiang province, Shandong province and Shanxi province.[30]

AnhuiEdit

A planned 300,000 units/year capacity mini-vehicle production base in Hefei, Anhui province, should see completion in 2011.[30] Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

BeijingEdit

An existing R&D centre in Beijing[31] (as of 2010, its focus was on commercial and crossover vehicles will soon be joined by a passenger car production base in Fangshan District,[24] Beijing,[24][30][32] which will become operational in 2012[24] and may produce electric vehicles.[24][33]

ChongqingEdit

Chang'an has numerous sites in the City of Chongqing. A Chang'an-Ford plant[34] and another, planned Chang'an-Ford plant,[34] which may produce engines,[17] are joined by an a Chongqing-based R&D centre[31] and an industrial park in Yubei, Chongqing.

HebeiEdit

An industrial park in Hebei province may continue to be Chang'an controlled.

HeilongjiangEdit

A Harbin, Heilongjiang province, R&D centre, formerly Hafei-owned, is now a Chang'an asset.[31]

JiangsuEdit

A Chang'an-Ford plant[34] and an industrial park in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, may comprise completely Chang'an operations in this province.

JiangxiEdit

A planned Chang'an commercial vehicle production base in Nanchang, capital of Jiangxi province, will produce JMC and Ford-branded vehicles[17] and join a former Changhe} R&D centre[31] as a second facility in this province.

ShanghaiEdit

Chang'an has an R&D center in this coastal city.[31]


United StatesEdit

Chang'an has an assembly plant in Poteau, Oklahoma under the name Tiger Truck.

Overseas R&D centresEdit

Possessing valuable intellectual property, some R&D centres are more-valuable if located in secure, overseas locations. Chang'an has R&D centres in Nottingham, England;[31][35] Turin, Italy;[31] Yokohama, Japan;[31] and Detroit, Michigan.[31]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Chang'an Automobile Group. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

  1. Chana > Contact Us > Dealer Application Chana Official Site (Web Archive)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 China rolls out own hybrid car reuters.com, Sat Dec 15, 2007 1:44am EST
  3. 3.0 3.1 Milestone merger reshapes Suzuki chinadaily.com.cn, 2010-03-29 09:26
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 China's Changan unveils new car logo in brand drive reuters.com, Sun Oct 31, 2010 11:55am EDT
  5. Global Chana Official Chana Site (Global)
  6. 6.0 6.1 New policy to encourage China's carmaker consolidation xinhuanet.com, 2010-02-22 10:27:20
  7. Sales surge, but congestion concerns rise people.com.cn, November 15, 2010
  8. China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars? thetruthaboutcars.com, January 19, 2011
  9. 9.0 9.1 Company Portrait Chana Official Site
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 About Chana Chana Official Site (Web Archive)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Chana History Chana Official Site
  12. Chana History Chana Official Site
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Suzuki seeks new venture in China globaltimes.cn, July 08 2010 (Google Cache)
  14. 14.0 14.1 (2006) World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o., 226-227. 
  15. Changan Suzuki to raise annual capacity to 180,000 vehicles globaltimes.cn, May 04 2010 (Google Cache)
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 Changan reportedly in talks to make Ford car under its own brand globaltimes.cn, January 20 2010 (Google Cache)
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Ford posts 40% sales increase in 2010 chinacartimes.com, January 7, 2011
  18. Changan Ford to open 66 new dealers by year end globaltimes.cn, November 25 2010 (Google Cache)
  19. AUTOSHOW-China joint venture brands eye growth in inland cities reuters.com, Mon Dec 20, 2010 5:44am EST
  20. Beijing drives car and steel mergers message. Kathrin Hille. Financial Times. London (UK): Mar 23, 2009. pg. 16
  21. Li eyes scale, costs in revival of Volvo globaltimes.cn, March 31 2010 (Google Cache)
  22. China Chang’an Automobile Group and PSA in Joint Venture discussion PSA Peugeot Citroën Official Site, 5/06/2010
  23. A review of China's auto industry chinadaily.com,cn, 2010-12-27
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 Beijing on Changan Auto's path globaltimes.cn, November 24 2010 (Google Cache)
  25. "Abandoning “Chana,” Changan Revamps Visual Identify", ChinaAutoWeb.com. 
  26. Chana JMC Chana Official Site
  27. Peugeot and Changan Automotive finalise joint venture bbc.co.uk, 11:04 GMT, Friday, 9 July 2010
  28. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 Changan Auto plans mini-van production base in Hefei globaltimes.cn, June 30 2010 (Google Cache)
  29. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 31.5 31.6 31.7 31.8 [1] globaltimes.cn, January 19 2011 (Google Cache)
  30. Changan Auto plans sedan production base in Beijing globaltimes.cn, June 25 2010 (Google Cache)
  31. Changan steps closer to its strategic layout globaltimes.cn, November 23 2010 (Google Cache)
  32. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Ford, Changan Motor To Setup Third Plant In China automotive-business-review.com, 21-September-2009
  33. "Chinese car maker to create 200 new jobs in Nottingham". East Midlands Development Agency. Retrieved on 2011-02-02.

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