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Dodge WC series
Dodge WC51 avant
Manufacturer Dodge
Production 1940–1945
Class Military vehicle
Layout Front engine, four-wheel drive / six-wheel drive

The Dodge WC series was a range of light military trucks produced by Dodge during WWII. The series included weapon carriers, telephone installation trucks, ambulances, reconnaissance vehicles, mobile workshops and command cars. They were replaced after the war by the Dodge M-series vehicles. WC was a Dodge model code: W for 1941 and C for half-ton rating. The C code was retained for the 3/4 ton and 1 1/2 ton 6x6 Dodges.[1]

History and designEdit

Dodge Pickup 1936

1936 Dodge pickup showing its influence on the military models

Ever since the beginning of its history in 1914, Dodge has offered light truck models to interested buyers. For the first few years, these were based largely on the existing passenger cars, but eventually gained their own chassis and body designs as the market matured. Light- and medium-duty models were offered first, then a heavy-duty range was added during the 1930s and 1940s. Dodge produced its first prototypes of dedicated military trucks in late 1939: the 1/2 ton 4x4 VC series. Production of the VC series started in 1940.[2] At the outset of WW II, Dodge produced the G-505 WC 1/2 Ton series of military light trucks in 38 individual models, thousands of some models were produced, while only a few of some others were made. The WC 1/2 ton trucks replaced the 1940 VC-1 to VC-6 1/2 ton Dodge trucks which were also part of the G505 series. 79,771 of the 1/2 ton trucks were produced during late 1940-1942 under War Department contracts. WC models 1 to 50 were part of the 1/2 ton range and were 80% interchangeable in service parts with the later 3/4 ton models.[1]

Common features of the 1/2 ton trucks were:

  • Drive: 4x4
  • Wheelbase: 116 in (123 in for ambulances)
  • Track width: 59.375 in
  • Tires: 7.50x16
  • Brakes: Hydraulic
  • Engine: 6 cyl, in-line, L-head
  • Transmission: 4 forward/1 reverse, manual
  • Transfer case: Single speed

The Dodge G-502 3/4 ton 4x4 trucks were first introduced in late 1941. Standard vehicles in the 3/4 ton 4x4 class were the WC-51 / WC-52 Weapons Carrier, Telephone Installation Trucks, WC-53 Carryall, and the WC-54 Ambulance. In the cargo trucks, the WC51 was identical to the WC52 but did not have the front bumper-mounted winch.[3]

ModelsEdit

The table includes data on the relation between identification numbers and types of body fitted[4]. For comparison, earlier Dodge military trucks of the 1/2 ton range are included.

T202T203T207T211T214T215T112T118
Pick-up (closed cab)VC3VF401/VF402, VF404/VF405WC1WC12, WC14 WC40, WC25, WC47WC38, WC47
Pick-up (open cab)VC5 WC3/WC4WC13WC51/WC52WC21, WC22
Pick-up (no rear seats)VC4 WC5
Carry-allVC6 WC10WC17WC53WC26, WC48WC36, WC48
Dump truck VF403, VF406
ReconnaissanceVC1 WC6/WC7WC15WC56/WC57WC23/WC24
Radio truckVC2 WC8WC16WC58/WC64 WC54WC25
Van WC11WC19 WC42, WC49WC37, WC49
Mobile workshop WC60WC41
Maintenance WC60WC43
Portee WC55
Ambulance VF407WC9WC18WC54WC27
Telephone line installation WC59WC43WC 39, WC50
Closed cab (without body) WC20 WC41 WF31

In the case of vehicle identifications separated by a slash, the first number refers to a vehicle not fitted with a winch, and the second to a vehicle fitted with a winch. Numbers separated by a comma indicate similar models but with different secondary details.

EnginesEdit

Vehicle codeBore (mm)Stroke (mm)Capacity (cm3)Compression ratioTorque (N m)Power (HP)
T20279,4111,132946,7:120879
T20385,7114,339576,5:125599
T20782,6111,135676,5:122278
T21182,6111,135676,5:122278
T21482,6117,537726,7:124492
T21582,6117,537726,7:124999
T22382,6117,537726,7:124492

Model descriptionsEdit

1/2 ton seriesEdit

WC1, WC5, WC12, WC14, WC40

Closed cab, two seater pickups with a nominal carrying capacity of a 1,000 pounds (450 kg).

WC3, WC4, WC13, WC21

Weapon carriers, two seater pickups with open cab designed to tow the M3 anti-tank cannon.

WC9, WC18, WC27
Dodge-WC9-ambulance

Dodge WC9

Entering production during 1941 to early 1942[5], they were specifically designed to serve as military ambulances. These early variants are distinguishable from the later ones by having a curved radiator grille, while the later ones (WC51 onwards) featured a flat grille. These versions were given a longer 123 inches (3.1 m) wheelbase.

WC10, WC17, WC26, WC36, WC48

Carryall trucks with a nominal carrying capacity of a 1,000 pounds (450 kg).

WC11, WC19, WC42

Panel trucks carrying radio and communication equipment, only built for export.

WC6, WC7, WC8, WC15, WC16, WC23, WC24, WC25

Command cars.

WC39, WC43, WC50

These models were built as signals trucks, designed to install and repair telephone lines, and were also known by the U.S. Signals Corps as the K-50 truck.

WC41

Fitted with dual rear tires. Mostly employed as an emergency repair truck whose purpose was to provide mobile facilities for emergency ordnance repair. Other types of bodies were produced, such as an oil service vehicle. 902 of these chassis were built.

3/4 ton seriesEdit

WC51
Dodge WC51

WC51

A winchless weapon carrier, 123 541 vehicles were built.

  • Length : 4.24 m
  • Height (with cover) : 2.17 m
  • Weight : 2 560 kg
  • Width : 2.10 m
  • Height (without cover) : 1.71 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC52
Dodge wc52

Dodge WC 52

Identical to the WC51, but fitted with a winch. (for transporting newer 57mm Gun M1 antitank gun and crew)

  • Length : 4,48 m
  • Height with cover : 2,17 m
  • Weight : 2 700 kg
  • Width : 2,10 m
  • Height without cover : 1,71 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC53
Dodge Mili

WC53

A carryall, mechanically it was virtually identical to the WC54 but was fitted with two windows on each side of its rear body, 8 400 built.

  • Length : 4,73 m
  • Height : 2,06 m
  • Weight : 2 590 kg
  • Width : 2,00 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC54
Main article: Dodge WC54
Dodge wc54

WC54

The WC54 was mainly produced as an ambulance, but a few were modified to serve as radio/telephone trucks with the US Signal Corps.

  • Length : 4,95 m
  • Height : 2,30 m
  • weight : 2 680 kg
  • Width : 1,98m
  • Payload : 820 kg
WC55
Dodge wc55 m6 37 mm GMC

WC55

The WC55, also known as the M6 Fargo, was an antitank GMC (Gun Motor Carriage) version equipped with a 37 mm cannon. 5380 built.

  • Length : 4,25 m
  • Height : 2,49 m
  • Weight : 2 540 kg
  • Width : 2,18m
  • Payload : 820 kg
WC56

A reconnaissance vehicle akin to a large Willys Jeep, it did not prove popular as it was heavier and not as maneuverable as the Jeep.

  • Length : 4,22 m
  • Height : 2,07 m
  • Weight : 2 420 kg
  • Width : 2,00 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC57

A command car, identical to the WC56 but fitted with a winch. 6010 built.

  • Length : 4,46 m
  • Height : 2,07 m
  • Weight : 2 560 kg
  • Width : 2,00 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC58

A command car, identical to the WC56 but fitted with a radio and 12 Volt electrics. No winch was fitted.

  • Length : 4.46 m
  • Height : 2.07 m
  • Weight : 2 420 kg
  • Width : 2.00 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC59

The WC59 was a signals truck, designed to install and repair telephone lines. Based on the same chassis as the WC54, but with a wheelbase increased by 50 cm. The spare wheel was carried behind the seats, with a step ladder fitted to where the spare wheel would have been. 549 were built. The bed was known by the Signal Corps as the K-50 truck, and was fitted to both Dodge and Chevrolet chassis.

  • Length : 4,88 m
  • Height : 2,06 m
  • Weight : 2 430 kg
  • Width : 1,98 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC60

A mobile workshop designed for field maintenance, it featured the same body as the WC54 but with tool trunks that were accessible from the outside. 296 built.

  • Length : 4.73 m
  • Height : 2.26 m
  • Weight : 2 700 kg
  • Width : 2.08 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC61

The WC61 was a signals truck, designed to install and repair telephone lines. Differently from the WC59, the step ladder was fitted to the roof. The spare wheel was fitted behind the seats, while the tool trunks were accessible from the outside. 58 built. The signal Corps referred to these as the K-50B truck.

  • Length : 4,73 m
  • Height (without ladder) : 2,26 m
  • Weight : 2 700 kg
  • Width : 2,08 m
  • Payload : 800 kg
WC62

A 6x6 weapons carrier, based on the WC51 but with a lengthened chassis and an extra axle added. 23092 built (WC62 and WC63 variants). One prototype produced as an armored car.[6]

  • Length : 5.47 m
  • Height (with cover) : 2.17 m
  • Weight : 3 120 kg
  • Width : 2.10 m
  • Height (without cover) : 1.57 m
  • Payload : 1500 kg
WC63
Dodge WC-63

WC63 1-1/2 TON 6X6

A 6x6 weapons carrier, based on the WC51 but with a lengthened chassis and an extra axle added. Identical to the WC62 but fitted with a winch.

  • Length : 5,72 m
  • Height (with cover) : 2,17 m
  • Weight : 3 250 kg
  • Width : 2,10 m
  • Height (without cover) : 1,57 m
  • Payload : 1500 kg
WC64

An ambulance based on the same chassis as the WC54 but with a knock-down body designed to increase the amount of vehicles that could be shipped at the same time. 3,500 were built between the beginning of 1945 and the end of the war.[7]

Former operatorsEdit

Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
[[File:|22x20px|border |alt=France|link=France]]France
Flag of Greece.svg Greece
Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Flag of the United States.svg United States

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Some parts of this article are translated from French and Portuguese Wikipedia, tables are from Italian Wikipedia.

  • Fred W. Crismon. US military wheeled vehicles. Victory WW2 Publishing Ltd. Minneaspolis (MN-USA) (2001) ISBN 0-970056-71-0
  • T. Richards and R.M. Clarke. Dodge WW2 military portfolio 1940-45. Brookland Books LTD (Surrey, UK) ISBN 1-85520-5535
  1. 1.0 1.1 http://www.olive-drab.com/idphoto/id_photos_dodge_g505_wc.php
  2. http://www.dog-walker.us/4x4/4x4-204.htm
  3. http://www.olive-drab.com/od_mvg_www_dodge.php3
  4. T. Richards and R.M. Clarke, op. cit. pg 24-26
  5. http://www.olive-drab.com/idphoto/id_photos_wc9.php
  6. http://www.warwheels.net/FargoArmoredTruckINDEX.html
  7. http://www.pinodesign.nl/dodge/history.htm

General ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit




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