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Hanomag

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Hanomag (Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG)
Founded 1835
Founder(s) Georg Egestorff
Headquarters , Germany
Products construction equipment, engines, tractors,steam locomotives, trucks
Parent Komatsu
Website http://www.komatsueurope.com
Hanomag D600D Super Buldozer

Hanomag D600D crawler

Hanomag 70E Wheeled Loader

Hanomag 70E Wheeled Loader

Hanomag (Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG)"(Hanover Machine Works)" was a German producer of steam locomotives, tractors, trucks, construction machinery, and military vehicles. Hanomag first achieved international fame by delivering a large number of steam locomotives to Romania and Bulgaria before WW I.

HistoryEdit

The company dates back to 1835 when Georg Egestorff founded a company called Eisen-Giesserei und Maschinenfabrik Hannover to build small steam engines. They soon started making farm machinery and in 1846 built their first railway locomotive for the Hannover State Railways. By 1870 they had made 500 locomotives and in 1871 changed their name to Hannoversche Maschinenbau AG.

Industrial VehiclesEdit

Road vehicles followed when in 1905 they received a contract for steam wagons for the German army.

Petrol engined vehicles were followed in 1912 with a line of farm tractors.

By the 1920s, the market for steam road vehicles was in terminal decline and Hanomag looked to cars as the future, particularly economy models. Although the cars were made in large numbers, (15,775 in total), production of them did not make much money for the company, resulting in the late 1920s with the sale of the railway locomotive division to Henschel & Son of Kassel.

The companies first diesel engined tractorswere made in 1928 (claims as to who was the first company to produce a diesel tractor are disputed).

During World War Two, the car plant made military vehicle engines, a military version of their heavy tractor renamed the SS-100, and SdKfz 251 half track troop carriers. Post war production resumed making trailer units followed by tractors and in 1949 a 1.5 ton truck.

In 1964, following a take over by Rheinstahl of Henschel & Son and in a reverse of history the company was merged with Hanomag.

A new range of tractors was launched in 1967, with the new engine from Rhienstahl. In 1969 the truck making division of Hanomag-Henschel went to Daimler Benz, leaving the Hannover works making earth-moving machinery.

Tractor production was stopped in 1971, after producing 250,000 tractors. The farm tractor operation was sold to Massey Ferguson In 1971 (?), and the crawler loaders division were in 1974. Both Massey Ferguson and Hanomag were taken over by the German IBH Group in 1980. But then IBH collapsed when it German Bank failed in 1984. Hanomag was re-financed with Komatsu taking a stake in 1989 and Hanomag starting production of Wheeled Loaders for the European market for Komatsu. Then in 2002 Komatsu Limited the world's second largest construction machine manufacturer, bought out Hanomag AG, and since then Komatsu Hanomag GmbH has been a 100% owned subsidiary of the globally company.

In Hanover, the company is producing wheel loaders ranging from 54 to 353 kW and since 2005 also has been producing wheeled excavators from 14 to 22 tons. Thanks to the European Technical Center (EUTC), these correspond to the latest state of technology. In Hanover, the company develops construction machines designed to meet the varied requirements of customers all over Europe, also some products for worldwide markets. During recent years the company has grown with production increasing from 2500 to 3900 units in 2006. Turnover amounted to 356 million Euros, 62% over the year before. Resulting in round 1170 people being employed at Komatsu Hanomag at the end of 2006 fiscal year.

Automotive Vehicles Edit

By the 1920s, the market for steam road vehicles was in terminal decline and Hanomag looked to cars as the future, particularly economy models.

In 1925, they launched the Hanomag 2/10, a 370 kg (816 lb) open two seater with a rear-mounted 500cc[1] single-cylinder water cooled engine. Named Zweisitzer Limousine (two-seat limousine)[2] by the company, its rounded front and rear gained it the nickname Kommissbrot for its resemblance to a loaf of Army bread. Although made in large numbers, 15,775 in total, it did not make much money for the company.

A more conventional car, the 3/16PS, came in 1928, along with the tractors, taking the company back into profit. Hanomag were badly hurt by the drop in trade in 1929 and built a large stock of unsold vehicles. Things improved in 1930 and the company got 14 per cent of the domestic car market, second place behind Opel, but in 1931 a new crisis came when the banks called in a loan. The factory was mortgaged to Hannover City and the Vereinigte Stahlwerke trust and the company relaunched as Hanomag Automobil und Schlepperbau GmbH.

For 1932, a new small car, the 1.1 Litre, renamed the Garant in 1934, was announced and sold well allowing two shift working to be introduced and it was joined by the larger 1.5 litre Rekord (a name later used by Opel) in 1933 with independent front suspension. A diesel Rekord was shown at the 1936 Berlin Motor Show.

Although prototypes were made, no cars were produced postwar.

Military vehiclesEdit

During World War II , the car plant made military vehicle engines, a military version of their heavy tractor renamed the SS-100, and half track troop carriers. Hanomag 20 B, a 4-wheel-drive Small Unit-Personell Carrier was produced 1937-1940 (ca. 2000) under the parentage of Stoewer. Capacity problems by Stoewer resulted in co-production by both BMW and Hanomag. Together the three manufacturers made ca. 10.000 units. The special 4-wheel-steering system was fitted on most models. Operating a "lock-level" between the front seats made the steerable rear axle turn sideways to a certain angle. Post war production resumed making trailer units followed by tractors and in 1949 a 1.5 ton truck. Rudolph Hiller, who had been president of Phänomen trucks, joined the board and restructured the company by arranging for it to join the Rheinstahl consortium in 1952.

Merger & SplitEdit

In 1964, Rheinstahl took over Henschel & Son and in a reverse of history the company was merged with Hanomag.

The farm tractor operation was sold to Massey Ferguson, and in 1969 the truck making division of Hanomag-Henschel went to Daimler Benz, leaving the Hannover works making earth-moving machinery for Massey Ferguson.

Construction machineryEdit

In 1989, the world's second largest construction machine manufacturer, Komatsu, bought a share of Hanomag AG, and since 2002, Komatsu Hanomag GmbH has been a 100% subsidiary of the global company.

In Hanover, the company is producing wheel loaders ranging from 54 to 353 PS (260 kW) and since 2005 also has been producing wheeled excavators from 14 to 22 tons. Thanks to the European Technical Center (EUTC), these correspond to the latest state of technology. In Hanover, the company develops construction machines which meet varied requirements of customers all over Europe as well as for certain products also worldwide.

EnginesEdit

Hanomag built a range of engines that were used in there own machines. Later after the Massey Ferguson take over, they were used in most of the Hanomag products built as Hanomag / MF. A few lines used Perkins engines, which Massey Ferguson also owned at this time.

Hanomag diesel engines were fitted in some French built tractors from the 1950s.

Automotive parts Edit

In 1990, Daimler-Benz AG sold the remaining parts and accessories business to a small private company in Hannover, which remains as the the last source for original Hanomag parts and accessories worldwide.

Tractor model range Edit

Hanomag R16 tractor

A Hanomag R16 tractor in Holland

Crawler tractors
MF /Hanomag range
Post MF models

Construction Plant ModelsEdit

Data not found for Hanomag designation of some models (most being built during MF period for Massey Ferguson Construction Division.

  • Wheeled Dozer's
  • Backhoe Loader
    • Hanomag HD60 backhoe loader, Designed with Hymac under IBH control (Built after Collapse of IBH from the inherited development work)[4]
  • Hydraulic Excavators

Hanomag enginesEdit

UK Preserved Machines Edit

These are a rare tractors in the UK, most that are here have been imported by preservationists, looking for something different, or who are Hot Bulb engine enthusiasts.

A few Hanomag Bulldozers were imported, and some MF machines were Hanomag-built machines badged up.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)
  2. Georgano.
  3. CP&M vol7 No.7
  4. http://www.classicmachinery.net/forum/loadersbackhoes-f5/hymac-backhoe-loader-but-what-model-t838.html Classic machinery Network post by IBH

External links Edit

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