|Founded||24 September 1948|
|Headquarters||Minato, Tokyo, Japan|
|Revenue (turnover)||US$ 120.27 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Operating income||US$ 2.34 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Net income||US$ 1.39 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Total assets||▼ US$ 124.98 Billion (FY 2009)|
|Total equity||▼ US$ 40.6 Billion (FY 2009)|
Honda Motor Company, Ltd. (Japanese: 本田技研工業株式会社 Honda Giken Kōgyō Kabushiki-gaisha, Honda Technology Research Institute Company, Limited) is a Japanese multinational corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, engines and motorcycles.
Honda is the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume (number), producing more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. Honda surpassed Nissan in 2001 to become the second-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer. As of August 2008[update], Honda surpassed Chrysler as the fourth largest automobile manufacturer in the United States. Honda is the sixth largest automobile manufacturer in the world.
Honda was the first Japanese automobile manufacturer to release a dedicated luxury brand, Acura in 1986. Aside from their core automobile and motorcycle businesses, Honda also manufactures garden equipment, marine engines, personal watercraft and power generators, amongst others. Since 1986, Honda has been involved with artificial intelligence/robotics research and released their ASIMO robot in 2000. They have also ventured into aerospace with the establishment of GE Honda Aero Engines in 2004 and the Honda HA-420 HondaJet, scheduled to be released in 2011. Honda spends about 5% of its revenues into R&D.
From a young age, Honda's founder, Soichiro Honda (本田 宗一郎, Honda Sōichirō) had a great interest in automobiles. He worked as a mechanic at a Japanese tuning shop, Art Shokai, where he tuned cars and entered them in races. A self-taught engineer, he later worked on a piston design which he hoped to sell to Toyota. The first drafts of his design were rejected, and Soichiro worked painstakingly to perfect the design, even going back to school and pawning his wife's jewelry for collateral. Eventually, he won a contract with Toyota and built a factory to construct pistons for them, which was destroyed in an earthquake. Due to a gas shortage during World War II, Honda was unable to use his car, and his novel idea of attaching a small engine to his bicycle attracted much curiosity. He then established the Honda Technical Research Institute in Hamamatsu, Japan, to develop and produce small 2-cycle motorbike engines. Calling upon 18,000 bicycle shop owners across Japan to take part in revitalizing a nation torn apart by war, Soichiro received enough capital to engineer his first motorcycle, the Honda Cub. This marked the beginning of Honda Motor Company, who would grow a short time later to be the world's largest manufacturer of motorcycles by 1964.
The first production automobile from Honda was the T360 mini pick-up truck. Powered by a small 356 cc straight-4 gasoline engine, it was classified under the cheaper Kei car tax bracket. The first production car from Honda was the S500 sports car. Its chain driven rear wheels point to Honda's motorcycle origins.
Whereas Honda's trademark had been registered in Japan since November 13, 1953 it wasn't until a decade later that the motorcycle and automobile company filed for trademark registration in the United States. On Friday, August 30, 1963, Honda Giken Gokyo Kabushiki Kaisha of Tokyo, Japan filed for two trademarks with the USPTO.
One trademark was for the word mark of HM within an oval geometric shape. The application, signed by founder Soichiro Honda, was filed in the primary category of non-metallic building material products. Description included for the HM trademark was for land vehicles-namely, motor cars, motorcycles, and motor trucks. Trademark registration was granted on September 15, 1964.
Honda filed a second trademark with the USPTO on the same date of August 30, 1963. The second mark was for the winged HM design logo that Honda had registered in Japan since June 15, 1962. The Winged HM mark is in the non-metallic building material products as well and applied to goods and services for land vehicles-namely, motor cars, motorcycles, and motor trucks. The USPTO granted registration on September 15, 1964.
Of note, the USPTO initially issued an Office Action to Honda rejecting their application for both the HM and Winged HM marks. The U.S. trademark office cited two other HM trademarks that would likely cause confusion, mistake, or deception. Additionally they determined that the identification of goods was too broad and indefinite. One of the confusing HM trademarks was U.S. Registration No. 748,4794 for pneumatic tires and owned by B.F. Goodrich. The other confusing trademark was for Holman & Moody for automobile bodies and frames, U.S. Registration No. 708,684. Honda responded to the Office Action, and following the USPTO's admonitions, amended their applications to narrowly define the description of their goods and services to readily distinguish the Honda HM trademarks to avoid confusion, mistake or deception. Subsequently, the USPTO accepted Honda's response and approved their trademark registration on both marks. U.S. trademark status for the HM and stylized winged HM is registered and renewed. Both marks are owned by Honda Motor Co. LTD of Tokyo, Japan.
Corporate Profile and DivisionsEdit
Honda is headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan. Their shares trade on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and the New York Stock Exchange, as well as exchanges in Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Kyoto, Fukuoka, London, Paris and Switzerland.
American Honda Motor Co. is based in Torrance, California. Honda Canada Inc. is headquartered in the Scarborough district of Toronto, Ontario, and is building new corporate headquarters in Markham, Ontario, scheduled to relocate in 2008; their manufacturing division, Honda of Canada Manufacturing, is based in Alliston, Ontario. Honda has also created joint ventures around the world, such as Honda Siel Cars and Hero Honda Motorcycles in India, Guangzhou Honda and Dongfeng Honda in China, and Honda Atlas in Pakistan. Honda UK had a joint venture with the British Rover company that started in the British Leyland Motor Corporation time
Current Market PositionEdit
With high fuel prices and a weak US economy in June 2008, Honda reported a 1% sales increase while its rivals, including the Detroit Big Three and Toyota, have reported double-digit losses. Honda's sales were up almost 20 percent from the same month last year. The Civic and the Accord were in the top five list of sales. Analysts have attributed this to two main factors. First, Honda's product lineup consists of mostly small to mid-size, highly fuel-efficient vehicles. Secondly, over the last ten years, Honda has designed its factories to be flexible, in that they can be easily retooled to produce any Honda model that may be in-demand at the moment.
Nonetheless, Honda, Nissan, and Toyota, were still not immune to the global financial crisis of 2008, as these companies reduced their profitability forecasts. The economic crisis has been spreading to other important players in the vehicle related industries as well. In November 2009 the Nihon Keizai Shinbun reported that Honda Motor exports have fallen 64.1%.
At the 2008 Beijing Auto Show, Honda presented the Li Nian ("concept" or "idea") 5-door hatchback and announced that they were looking to develop an entry-level brand exclusively for the Chinese market similar to Toyota's Scion brand in the USA. The brand would be developed by a 50-50 joint-venture established in 2007 with Guangzhou Automobile Industry Group.
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- 1948–1973 — Soichiro Honda
- 1973–1983 — Kiyoshi Kawashima
- 1983–1990 — Tadashi Kume
- 1990–1998 — Nobuhiko Kawamoto
- 1998–2004 — Hiroyuki Yoshino
- 2004–2009 — Takeo Fukui
- since 2009 — Takanobu Ito
- Main article: Honda HA-420 HondaJet
Honda has also pioneered new technology in its HA-420 HondaJet that allows new levels of reduced drag, increased aerodynamics and fuel efficiency thus reducing operating costs.
|This article section is very USA biased, please expand with details of other markets|
Honda's global lineup consists of the Fit, Civic, Accord, Insight, CR-V, Odyssey and S2000. An early proponent of developing vehicles to cater to different needs and markets worldwide, Honda's lineup varies by country and may feature vehicles exclusive to that region. A few examples are the latest Acura TL luxury sedan and the Ridgeline, Honda's first light-duty pickup truck. Both were engineered primarily in North America and are exclusively produced and sold there.
The Honda Civic is a line of compact cars developed and manufactured by Honda. In North America, the Civic is the second-longest continuously-running nameplate from a Japanese manufacturer; only the Toyota Corolla, introduced in 1968, has been in production longer. The Civic, along with the Accord and Prelude, comprised Honda's vehicles sold in North America until the 1990s, when the model lineup was expanded. Having gone through several generational changes, the Civic has become larger and more upmarket, and it currently slots between the Fit and Accord.
Honda increased global production in September 2008 to meet demand for small cars in the U.S. and emerging markets. The company is shuffling U.S. production to keep factories busy and boost car output, while building fewer minivans and sport utility vehicles as light truck sales fall.
Its first entrance into the pickup segment, the lightduty Ridgeline, won Truck of the Year from Motor Trend magazine in 2006 (also in 2006, the redesigned Civic won Car of the Year from the magazine, giving Honda a rare double win of Motor Trend honors).
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Honda is the largest engine maker in the world. Honda has a number of firsts in many categories, including the first engine to meet the 1970 US Clean Air Act (1975 CVCC).
Honda, despite being known as an engine company, has never built a V8 for passenger vehicles. In the late 1990s, the company resisted considerable pressure from its American dealers for a V8 engine (which would have seen use in top-of-the-line Honda SUVs and Acuras), with American Honda reportedly sending one dealer a shipment of V8 beverages to silence them.
During the 1960s, when it was a small manufacturer, Honda broke out of the Japanese motorcycle market and began exporting to the US. Taking Honda’s story as an archetype of the smaller manufacturer entering a new market already occupied by highly dominant competitors, the story of their market entry, and their subsequent huge success in the US and around the world, has been the subject of some academic controversy. Competing explanations have been advanced to explain Honda’s strategy and the reasons for their success.
The first of these explanations was put forward when, in 1975, Boston Consulting Group (BCG) was commissioned by the UK government to write a report explaining why and how the British motorcycle industry had been out-competed by its Japanese competitors. The report concluded that the Japanese firms, including Honda, had sought a very high scale of production (they had made a large number of motorbikes) in order to benefit from economies of scale and learning curve effects. It blamed the decline of the British motorcycle industry on the failure of British managers to invest enough in their businesses to profit from economies of scale and scope.
The second explanation was offered in 1984 by Richard Pascale, who had interviewed the Honda executives responsible for the firm’s entry into the US market. As opposed to the tightly focused strategy of low cost and high scale that BCG accredited to Honda, Pascale found that their entry into the US market was a story of “miscalculation, serendipity, and organizational learning” – in other words, Honda’s success was due to the adaptability and hard work of its staff, rather than any long term strategy. For example, Honda’s initial plan on entering the US was to compete in large motorcycles, around 300 cc. It was only when the team found that the scooters they were using to get themselves around their US base of San Francisco attracted positive interest from consumers that they came up with the idea of selling the Super Cub.
The most recent school of thought on Honda’s strategy was put forward by Gary Hamel and C. K. Prahalad in 1989. Creating the concept of core competencies with Honda as an example, they argued that Honda’s success was due to its focus on leadership in the technology of internal combustion engines. For example, the high power-to-weight ratio engines Honda produced for its racing bikes provided technology and expertise which was transferable into mopeds.
Honda is a dirtbike manufacturer as well, the new release of the 2010 CRF450R with electronic fuel injection, is revolutionary in the history of Motocross. Many riders love the crisp feel of a EFI, because it gets rid of the small lag a carb. gives riders. Also, because at different altitudes changing the jetting (the air to fuel ratio) is no longer needed.
It created the first luxury Japanese car (1985 Legend) and motorcycle (2006 Gold Wing bikes) equipped with an airbag, as well as the first mid-size pickup truck with independent rear suspension (2006 Ridgeline).
- See also: Honda RN-01 G-cross
Honda has also built a Downhill racing bike, known as the Honda RN-01. Honda has taken on several people to ride the bike, among them is Greg Minnaar. The team is known as Team G Cross Honda. The key feature of this bike is the use of a gearbox, which replaces the standard Derailleur found on most bikes.
Honda produces various types of power equipment under the Honda brand. Some have been discontinued. The products include Lawn mowers, chainsaws, weedeaters, snowblowers, edgers, generators, power washers, outboard engines, etc.... They formerly produced Lawn tractors and farm tractors.
|Model||Year(s) Produced||Horsepower||Engine Type||Misc Notes||Photo|
|Honda H 2113||13 hp (9.7 kW)||36" deck|
|Honda H 2114||14 hp (10 kW)|
|Honda H 3810||10 hp (7.5 kW)|
|Honda H 4120||20 hp (15 kW)||48"deck|
|Honda H 4514||14 hp (10 kW)||42" deck|
|Honda H 4518||18 hp (13 kW)||48" deck|
|Honda H 5013||13 hp (9.7 kW)||46" deck|
|Honda H 5516||16 hp (12 kW)|
|Honda H 5516D||16 hp (12 kW)|
|Honda H 5518||18 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda H 6522||22 hp (16 kW)|
|Honda HA 4120||20 hp (15 kW)|
|Honda HF 2113 H||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda HF 2113 S||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda HF 2114||14 hp (10 kW)|
|Honda HF 2114 H||14 hp (10 kW)|
|Honda HF 2116 S||16 hp (12 kW)|
|Honda HF 2213 H||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda HF 2213 S||14 hp (10 kW)|
|Honda HF 2214 S||14 hp (10 kW)|
|Honda HF 2216 H||16 hp (12 kW)|
|Honda HF 2218 H||18 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda HF 2218 SL||18 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda HF 2220 HL||20 hp (15 kW)|
|Honda HF2315HME||15 hp (11 kW)||36" deck|
|Honda HF2315SBE||15 hp (11 kW)||36" deck|
|Honda HF2417HM||17 hp (13 kW)||40" deck|
|Honda HF2417HTE||17 hp (13 kW)||40" deck|
|Honda HF2620HM||20 hp (15 kW)||48" deck|
|Honda HF2620HTE||20 hp (15 kW)||48" deck|
|Honda HT3810||10 hp (7.5 kW)|
|Honda HT3813||13 hp (9.7 kW)||38" deck|
|Honda HT4213||13 hp (9.7 kW)||42" deck|
|Honda Harmony 2013||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda Harmony 2113||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Model||Year(s) Produced||Horsepower||Engine Type||Misc Notes||Photo|
|Honda Mighty 11||11 hp (8.2 kW)|
|Honda Mighty 13||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda Mighty 13 R||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda Mighty 130||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda Mighty RT130D||1994-?||13 hp (9.7 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda RT1100||1985-1990||11 hp (8.2 kW)|
|Honda RT1300||1988-?||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda RT1400||1995-?||14 hp (10 kW)|
|Honda RT5000||11 hp (8.2 kW)|
|Honda TX18||1988-?||18 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda TX20||1988-?||20 hp (15 kW)|
|Honda TX22||1990-?||22 hp (16 kW)|
|Honda TX28||28 hp (21 kW)|
|Honda TX33||33 hp (25 kW)|
|Honda TX115||10.5 hp (7.8 kW)|
|Honda TX131||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda TX135||13 hp (9.7 kW)|
|Honda TX151||15 hp (11 kW)|
|Honda TX155||15 hp (11 kW)|
|Honda TX160||1994-||16 hp (12 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda TX161||16 hp (12 kW)|
|Honda TX171||17 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda TX175||17 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda TX181||18 hp (13 kW)|
|Honda TX201||20 hp (15 kW)|
|Honda TX212||21 hp (16 kW)|
|Honda TX213||21 hp (16 kW)|
|Honda TX232||23 hp (17 kW)|
|Honda TX233||23 hp (17 kW)|
|Honda TX240||1994-||24 hp (18 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda TX252||25 hp (19 kW)|
|Honda TX253||25 hp (19 kW)|
|Honda TX260||1994-||26 hp (19 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda TX272||27 hp (20 kW)|
|Honda TX273||27 hp (20 kW)|
|Honda TX280||1994-||28 hp (21 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda TX300||1994-||30 hp (22 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda TX302||30 hp (22 kW)|
|Honda TX303||30 hp (22 kW)|
|Honda TX320||1994-||32 hp (24 kW)||built by Kubota|
|Honda TX332||33 hp (25 kW)|
|Honda TX333||33 hp (25 kW)|
ASIMO is the part of Honda's Research & Development robotics program. It is the eleventh in a line of successive builds starting in 1986 with Honda E0 moving through the ensuing Honda E series and the Honda P series. Weighing 54 kilograms and standing 130 centimeters tall, ASIMO resembles a small astronaut wearing a backpack, and can walk on two feet in a manner resembling human locomotion, at up to 6 km/h (3.7 mph). ASIMO is the world's only humanoid robot able to ascend and descend stairs independently. However, human motions such as climbing stairs are difficult to mimic with a machine, which ASIMO has demonstrated by taking two plunges off a staircase.
Honda's robot ASIMO (see below) as an R&D project brings together expertise to create a robot that walks, dances and navigates steps.
Honda has been active in motorsports, like Motorcycle Grand Prix, Superbike racing and others.
- See also: Honda F1
Honda entered Formula One as a constructor for the first time in the 1964 season at the German Grand Prix with Ronnie Bucknum at the wheel. 1965 saw the addition of Richie Ginther to the team, who scored Honda's first point at the Belgian Grand Prix, and Honda's first win at the Mexican Grand Prix. 1967 saw their next win at the Italian Grand Prix with John Surtees as their driver. In 1968, Jo Schlesser was killed in a Honda RA302 at the French Grand Prix. This racing tragedy, coupled with their commercial difficulties selling automobiles in the United States, prompted Honda to withdraw from all international motorsport that year.
After a learning year in 1965, Honda-powered Brabhams dominated the 1966 French Formula Two championship in the hands of Jack Brabham and Denny Hulme. As there was no European Championship that season, this was the top F2 championship that year. In the early 1980s Honda returned to F2, supplying engines to Ron Tauranac's Ralt team. Tauranac had designed the Brabham cars for their earlier involvement. They were again extremely successful. In a related exercise, John Judd's Engine Developments company produced a turbo "Brabham-Honda" engine for use in IndyCar racing. It won only one race, in 1988 for Bobby Rahal at Pocono.
Honda returned to Formula One in 1983, initially with another Formula Two partner, the Spirit team, before switching abruptly to Williams in 1984. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Honda powered cars won six consecutive Formula One Constructors Championships. WilliamsF1 won the crown in 1986 and 1987. Honda switched allegiance again in 1988. New partners Team McLaren won the title in 1988, 1989, 1990 and 1991. Honda withdrew from Formula One at the end of 1992, although the related Mugen-Honda company maintained a presence up to the end of 1999, winning four races with Ligier and Jordan Grand Prix.
Honda debuted in the CART IndyCar World Series as a works supplier in 1994. The engines were far from competitive at first, but after development, the company powered six consecutive drivers championships. In 2003, Honda transferred its effort to the rival IRL IndyCar Series. In 2004, Honda-powered cars overwhelmingly dominated the IndyCar Series, winning 14 of 16 IndyCar races, including the Indianapolis 500, and claimed the IndyCar Series Manufacturers' Championship, Drivers' Championship and Rookie of the Year titles. In 2006, Honda became the sole engine supplier for the IndyCar Series, including the Indianapolis 500. In the 2006 Indianapolis 500, for the first time in Indianapolis 500 history, the race was run without a single engine problem.
During 1998, Honda considered returning to Formula One with their own team. The project was aborted after the death of its technical director, Harvey Postlethwaite. Honda instead came back as an official engine supplier to British American Racing (BAR) and Jordan Grand Prix. Honda bought a stake in the BAR team in 2004 before buying the team outright at the end of 2005, becoming a constructor for the first time since the 1960s. Honda won the 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix with driver Jenson Button.
It was announced on 5 December 2008, that Honda would be exiting Formula One with immediate effect due to the 2008 global economic crisis. The team was sold to former team principal Ross Brawn and renamed Brawn GP.
- Main article: Honda Racing Corporation
Honda Racing Corporation (HRC) was formed in 1982 by Richard Hynda. The company combines participation in motorcycle races throughout the world with the development of high potential racing machines. Its racing activities are an important source for the creation of leading edge technologies used in the development of Honda motorcycles. HRC also contributes to the advancement of motorcycle sports through a range of activities that include sales of production racing motorcycles, support for satellite teams, and rider education programs.
Soichiro Honda, being a race driver himself, could not stay out of international motorsport. In 1959, Honda entered five motorcycles into the Isle of Man TT race, the most prestigious motorcycle race in the world. While always having powerful engines, it took until 1961 for Honda to tune their chassis well enough to allow Mike Hailwood to claim their first Grand Prix victories in the 125 and 250 cc classes. Hailwood would later pick up their first senior TT wins in 1966 and 1967. Honda's race bikes were known for their "sleek & stylish design" and exotic engine configurations, such as the 5-cylinder, 22,000 rpm, 125 cc bike and their 6-cylinder 250 cc and 380 cc bikes.
In 1979, Honda returned to Grand Prix motorcycle racing with their exotic, monocoque-framed, four-stroke NR500. The NR500 featured elongated cylinders each with 8 valves and with connecting rods in pairs, in an attempt to comply with the FIM rules which limited engines to four cylinders. Honda engineered the elongated cylinders in an effort to provide the valveinant two-stroke racers. Unfortunately, it seemed Honda tried to accomplish too much at one time and the experiment failed. For the 1982 season, Honda debuted their first two stroke race bike, the NS500 and in 1983, Honda won their first 500 cc Grand Prix World Championship with Freddie Spencer. Since then, Honda has become a dominant marque in motorcycle Grand Prix racing, winning a plethora of top level titles with riders such as Valentino Rossi and Mick Doohan.
In motocross, Honda has claimed six motocross world championships. In the World Enduro Championship, Honda has captured six titles, most recently with Stefan Merriman in 2003 and with Mika Ahola in 2007 and 2008.
Electric and alternative fuel vehiclesEdit
Compressed natural gasEdit
The Honda Civic GX is the only natural gas vehicle (NGV) commercially available in some parts of the US. The Honda Civic GX first appeared in 1998 as a factory-modified Civic LX that had been designed to run exclusively on compressed natural gas. The car looks and drives just like a contemporary Honda Civic LX, but does not run on gasoline. In 2001, the Civic GX was rated the cleanest-burning internal combustion engine in the world by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
First leased to the City of Los Angeles, in 2005, Honda started offering the GX directly to the public through factory trained dealers certified to service the GX. Before that, only fleets were eligible to purchase a new Civic GX. In 2006, the Civic GX was released in New York, making it the second state where the consumer is able to buy the car. Home refueling is available for the GX with the addition of the Phill Home Refueling Appliance.
Honda's Brazilian subsidiary launched flexible-fuel versions for the Honda Civic and Honda Fit in late 2006. As others Brazilian flex-fuel vehicles, these models run on any blend of hydrous ethanol (E100) and E20-E25 gasoline. Initially, and in order to test the market preferences, the carmaker decided to produce a limited share of the vehicles with flex-fuel engines, 33 percent of the Civic production and 28 percent of the Fit models. Also, the sale price for the flex-fuel version was higher than the respective gasoline versions, around US$ 1,000 premium for the Civic, and US$ 650 for the Fit, despite the fact that all other flex-fuel vehicles sold in Brazil had the same tag price as their gasoline versions. In July 2009, Honda launched in the Brazilian market its third flexible-fuel car, the Honda City.
During the last two months of 2006, both flex-fuel models sold 2,427 cars against 8,546 gasoline-powered automobiles, jumping to 41,990 flex-fuel cars in 2007, and reaching 93,361 in 2008. Due to the success of the flex versions, by early 2009 a hundred percent of Honda's automobile production for the Brazilian market is now flexible-fuel, and only a small percentage of gasoline version is produced in Brazil for exports.
In March 2009, Honda launched in the Brazilian market the first flex-fuel motorcycle in the world. Produced by its Brazilian subsidiary Moto Honda da Amazônia, the CG 150 Titan Mix is sold for around US$2,700.
In late 1999, Honda launched the first commercial hybrid electric car sold in the US market , the Honda Insight, just one month before the introduction of the Toyota Prius, and initially sold for US$20,000. The first-generation Insight was produced from 2000 to 2006 and had a fuel economy of 70 miles per US gallon (3.4 L/100 km/84 mpg-imp) for the EPA's highway rating, the most fuel-efficient mass-produced car at the time. Total global sales for the Insight amounted to only around 18,000 vehicles.
Honda introduced the second-generation Insight in its home nation of Japan in February 2009, with release in other markets to expected through 2009 the U.S. market will receive the new Insight in April 2009. At $19,800 as a five-door hatchback it will be the least expensive hybrid available in the US. Honda expects to sell 200,000 of the vehicles each year, with half of those sales in the United States.
Honda has also been selling since 2002 the Honda Civic Hybrid (2003 model) in the US market,. It was followed by the Honda Accord Hybrid, offered in model years 2005 through 2007. Honda is also planning to introduce a hybrid version of its Fit, as well as another unique small hybrid vehicle based on the CR-Z sports car concept that it introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show.
Hydrogen fuel cellEdit
In Takanezawa, Japan, on 16 June 2008, Honda Motors produced the first assembly-line FCX Clarity, a hybrid hydrogen fuel cell vehicle. More efficient than a gas-electric hybrid vehicle, the FCX Clarity combines hydrogen and oxygen from ordinary air to generate electricity for an electric motor.
The vehicle itself does not emit any pollutants and its only by products are heat and water. The FCX Clarity also has an advantage over gas-electric hybrids in that it does not use an internal combustion engine to propel itself. Like a gas-electric hybrid, it uses a lithium ion battery to assist the fuel cell during acceleration and capture energy through regenerative braking, thus improving fuel efficiency. The lack of hydrogen filling stations throughout developed countries will keep production volumes low. Honda will release the vehicle in groups of 150. California is the only US market with infrastructure for fueling such vehicle, though the number of stations is still limited. Building more stations is expensive, as the California Air Resources Board (CARB) granted $6.8 million for four H2 fueling stations, costing $1.7 million USD each.
Honda's official slogan is "The Power of Dreams". They have never used this slogan to sell their products. Mr. Honda's belief is that well built products will sell themselves.
In 2003, Honda released its Cog advertisement in the UK and on the Internet. To make the ad, the engineers at Honda constructed a Rube Goldberg Machine made entirely out of car parts from a Europe Domestic Market Honda Accord (upon which the USDM Acura TSX is based). To the chagrin of the engineers at Honda, all the parts were taken from two of only six hand-assembled pre-production models of the Accord. The advertisement depicted a single cog which sets off a chain of events that ends with the Honda Accord moving and Garrison Keillor speaking the tagline, "Isn't it nice when things just... work?" It took 606 takes to get it perfect.
In 2006, Honda released its Choir advertisement, for the UK and the internet. This featured a 60-person choir who sang the car noises as film of the Honda Civic are shown.
In December 2005, Honda released The Impossible Dream a two-minute panoramic advertisement filmed in New Zealand, Japan and Argentina which illustrates the founder's dream to build performance vehicles. While singing The Impossible Dream (The Quest), a man reaches for his racing helmet, leaves his trailer on a minibike, then rides a succession of vintage Honda vehicles: a motorcycle, then a car, then a powerboat, then goes over a waterfall only to reappear piloting a hot air balloon, with Garrison Keillor saying "I couldn't have put it better myself" as the song ends. The song is from the 1960s musical "Man Of La Mancha", sung by Andy Williams.
In Australia, Honda advertised heavily during most motor racing telecasts, and were the official sponsor of the 2006 FIA Formula 1 telecast on broadcaster channel "Ten". In fact, they were the only manufacturer involved in the 2006 Indy Racing League season. In a series of adverts promoting the history of Honda's racing heritage, Honda claimed they "built" cars that won 72 Formula 1 Grand Prix. Sceptics[who?] have accused Honda of interpreting their racing history rather liberally, saying that virtually all of the 72 victories were achieved by Honda powered (engined) machines, whereas the cars themselves were designed and built by Lotus F1, Williams F1, and McLaren F1 teams, respectively. However, former and current staff of the McLaren F1 team have reiterated that Honda contributed more than just engines and provided various chassis, tooling, and aerodynamic parts as well as funding. Ayrton Senna, arguably the greatest F1 driver of all time, repeatedly stated that Honda probably played the most significant role in his three world championships. He had immense respect for founder, Soichiro Honda, and had a good relationship with Nobuhiko Kawamoto, the chairman of Honda at that time. Senna once called Honda "the greatest company in the world". Nevertheless, the majority of victories attributed to Honda in the advertisements were won by Formula 1 cars which were neither built nor designed by Honda, and have little or no connection with Honda's current F1 operations.
For the last several years in the United States, during model close-out sales for the current year before the start of the new model year, Honda's advertising has featured an animated character known simply as Mr. Opportunity, voiced by Rob Paulsen. The casual looking man talks about various deals offered by Honda and ends with the phrase "I'm Mr. Opportunity, and I'm knockin'", followed by him "knocking" on the television screen or "thumping" the speaker at the end of radio ads. Also, commercials for Honda's international hatchback, the Jazz, are parodies of well-known pop culture images such as Tetris and Thomas The Tank Engine.
As part of their marketing campaign, Honda is an official partner and sponsor of Major League Soccer.
In late 2006, Honda released an ad with ASIMO exploring a museum, looking at the exhibits with almost child-like wonderment (spreading out its arms in the aerospace exhibit, waving hello to an astronaut suit that resembles him, etc.), while Garrison Keillor ruminates on progress. It concludes with the tagline: "More forwards please".
In May 2007, focuses on their strengths in racing and the use of the Red H badge — a symbol of what is termed as "Hondamentalism". The campaign highlights the lengths that Honda engineers go to in order to get the most out of an engine, whether it is for bikes, cars, powerboats — even lawnmowers. Honda released its Hondamentalism campaign. In the TV spot, Garrison Keillor says, "An engineer once said to build something great is like swimming in honey", while Honda engineers in white suits walk and run towards a great light, battling strong winds and flying debris, holding on to anything that will keep them from being blown away. Finally one of the engineers walks towards a red light, his hand outstretched. A web address is shown for the Hondamentalism website. The digital campaign aims to show how visitors to the site share many of the Hondamentalist characteristics.
At the beginning of 2008, Honda released - the Problem Playground. The advert outlines Honda's environmental responsibility, demonstrating a hybrid engine, more efficient solar panels and the FCX Clarity, a hydrogen powered car. The 90 second advert features large scale puzzles, involving Rubik's cubes, large shapes and a 3-dimensional puzzle.
On 29 May 2008, Honda - in partnership with Channel 4 - broadcast a live advertisement. It showed skydivers jumping from an aeroplane over Spain and forming the letters H, O, N, D and A in mid-air. This live advertisement is generally agreed to be the first of its kind on British television. The advert lasted three minutes. The next flight of one of the two planes involved resulted in a fatal crash as the plane broke apart in mid-air. 
Since 2008, Honda has become a major sponsor of the CBS gameshow The Price Is Right. On episodes in which a Honda car makes an appearance, both games that are played for cars use Hondas as a prize, as well as the Showcases.
In 2009, American Honda released the "Dream the Impossible Documentary Series," a collection of 5-8 minute web vignettes that focus on the core philosophies of Honda. Current short films include Failure: The Secret to Success, Kick Out the Ladder and Mobility 2088. They feature Honda employees as well as Danica Patrick, Christopher Guest, Ben Bova, Chee Pearlman, Joe Johnston and Orson Scott Card. The film series plays at dreams.honda.com.
Facilities (partial list)Edit
- Main article: List of Honda facilities
US Honda modelsEdit
|Energy/Hybrid/Other||Civic Hybrid||FCX Clarity||Insight|
|Calendar Year||Total US sales|
- Dongfeng Honda Automobile Company — joint venture
- Honda advanced technology
- Honda Aircraft Company
- Honda Airport
- Honda Atlas Cars Pakistan
- Honda Automobile (China) Company — importer of cars into China
- Honda Battle of the Bands
- Honda Canada Inc.
- Honda F.C. (Football (soccer) club)
- Honda Heat (Rugby union club)
- Honda Type R
- List of Honda assembly plants
- List of Honda engines
- List of Honda motorcycles
- List of Honda transmissions
- List of Honda vehicles
- RPA (Rubin Postaer and Associates)
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Breakdown of Honda Corporation's key earnings and income metrics via Wikinvest
- ↑ "Company Profile for Honda Motor Co Ltd (HMC)". Retrieved on 2008-09-29.
- ↑ Template error: argument title is required.
- ↑ "Honda overtakes Nissan to become Japan's second-largest carmaker. - Latest Car News from 4Car". Channel4.com. Retrieved on 2009-11-22.
- ↑ "The History of Honda". Cars-directory.net. Retrieved on 2009-11-22.
- ↑ Taylor, Alex III (2008-03-07). "America's Most Admired Companies: Honda", CNNMoney.com. Retrieved on 2009-05-03.
- ↑ http://www.trademarkia.com/hm-72176094.html
- ↑ http://www.trademarkia.com/hm-72176095.html
- ↑ http://www.trademarkia.com/hm-72148178.html
- ↑ http://www.trademarkia.com/h-m-72081402.html
- ↑ http://www.trademarkia.com/hm-72176094.html
- ↑ http://www.trademarkia.com/hm-72176095.html
- ↑ It was originally planned to be located in Richmond Hill, Ontario, but delays led them to look elsewhere.
- ↑ Share Manthan : http://www.sharemanthan.in/index.php/indian-companies/49-auto/2150-hero-honda
- ↑ Tom Krisher, Associated Press (2008-07-03). "Why Honda is growing as Detroit falls behind / No. 2 Japanese automaker opted to focus on small, popular cars - not gas guzzlers". Sfgate.com. Retrieved on 2009-11-22.
- ↑ "Topic Galleries". chicagotribune.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-27. Retrieved on 2009-12-04.
- ↑ The Associated Press (2008-12-22). "CBC News - Money - Toyota slashes profit forecast amid slump", Cbc.ca. Retrieved on 2009-11-22. Archived from the original on 2008-12-23.
- ↑ "CBC News - World - Honda slashes profit forecast", Cbc.ca (2008-12-17). Retrieved on 2009-11-22.
- ↑ "2009/11/27 14:25 - Toyota's Domestic Output Down 10.7% In Oct; Honda Down 35.8%". Nni.nikkei.co.jp (2009-11-27). Retrieved on 2009-12-04.
- ↑ "Toyota Corolla History". Toyota Motor Corp.
- ↑ "Global auto industry realigns | detnews.com | The Detroit News". detnews.com (2009-06-11). Retrieved on 2009-12-04.
- ↑ http://www.detnews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20081028/AUTO01/810280408/1148/&source=nletter-business
- ↑ News, Automotive (2008-10-17). "Green-car era poses test for Honda | The Car Tech blog - CNET Reviews". Reviews.cnet.com. Retrieved on 2009-11-22.
- ↑ http://www.honda.co.jp/power/index.html
- ↑ Frequently asked questions about ASIMO . Retrieved 28 February 2007.
- ↑ "Last Lap Victory for Franchitti Seals 2007 IndyCar Title". Retrieved on 2008-01-14.
- ↑ "Honda confirm immediate F1 pull out". Retrieved on 2008-12-05.
- ↑ "Brawn GP arrives". Retrieved on 2009-03-06.
- ↑ Christine Gable and Scott Gable. "2008 Natural Gas Vehicles (NGVs) Available". About.com: Hybrid Cars & Alt Fuels. Retrieved on 2008-10-18.
- ↑ "2009 Honda Civic GX Natural Gas Vehicle". Honda. Retrieved on 2008-10-18.
- ↑ "Sixth Biannual Report On The Early Action Compact For Northeast Texas", p.5.
- ↑ "Natural Gas Myths", Myth 2.
- ↑ "Honda Press Release", 19 October 2006
- ↑ FuelMaker Corporation - World Leader in Convenient On-Site Refueling Systems
- ↑ 38.0 38.1 Ricardo Ghigonetto (November 20061). "Honda apresenta tecnologia Flex" (in Portuguese), Honda (Brazil). Retrieved on 2009-04-16.
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 39.2 Marcelo Moura (January 2007). "Testes: Honda Civic EXS Flex x Honda Civic EXS" (in Portuguese), Revista Quatro Rodas. Retrieved on 2009-04-16.
- ↑ Luís Felipe Figueiredo (2009-02-09). "Honda Fit LXL Flex, um japonês versátil" (in Portuguese), WebMotors. Retrieved on 2009-04-16.
- ↑ Alberto Polo Junior (2006-12-12). "Versão Flex do Honda Fit chega na sexta por R$ 46.340" (in Portuguese), Interpress Motor. Retrieved on 2009-04-16.
- ↑ "Honda starts building flex-fuel City sedan in Brazil". AutoblogGreen (2009-07-29). Retrieved on 2009-08-03.
- ↑ "Tabela 08 - Vendas Atacado Mercado Interno por Tipo e Empresa - Combustível Flex Fuel - 2006" (PDF) (in Portuguese). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). Retrieved on 2009-04-16. See Table 08 for flex-fuel sales and Table 07 for gasoline sales.
- ↑ "Tabela 08 - Vendas Atacado Mercado Interno por Tipo e Empresa - Combustível Flex Fuel - 2007" (PDF) (in Portuguese). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). Retrieved on 2009-04-16. See Table 08.
- ↑ "Tabela 08 - Vendas Atacado Mercado Interno por Tipo e Empresa - Combustível Flex Fuel - 2008" (PDF) (in Portuguese). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). Retrieved on 2009-04-16. See Table 08.
- ↑ "Autoveículos - Produção em 2009" (in Portuguese). ANFAVEA - Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Brazil). Retrieved on 2009-04-16. Up to February 2009. See "Produção por Tipo, Empresa e Combustível " Tables 6 (gasoline) and 7 (flex-fuel). All gasoline vehicles were exported (see Table 01 Exportação de Autoveículos por Empresa, Tipo e Modelo - 2009).
- ↑ "Honda lança primeira moto bicombustível do mundo" (in Portuguese), G1 Portal de Notícias da Globo (2003-03-11). Retrieved on 2003-03-11.
- ↑ Agencia EFE (2003-03-11). "Honda lançará moto flex ainda neste mês no Brasil" (in Portuguese), Folha Online. Retrieved on 2003-03-11.
- ↑ "Honda lança no Brasil primeira moto flex do mundo" (in Portuguese), UNICA (2003-03-11). Retrieved on 2003-03-11.
- ↑ 50.0 50.1 50.2
- ↑ 51.0 51.1 51.2 Jerry Garrett (2006-08-27). "The Once and Future Mileage King", The New York Times.
- ↑ "Honda Insight: America's most affordable hybrid at $19,800". Honda. Motor Authority (2009-03-10). Retrieved on 2009-03-21.
- ↑ Honda Announces Additional Details on New Small Hybrid Vehicle - Honda - Press Releases
- ↑ 2008 Honda Fit - the Official Honda Web Site
- ↑ EERE News: Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Dominate the Tokyo Motor Show
- ↑ Fackler, Martin (2008-06-17). "Latest Honda Runs on Hydrogen, Not Petroleum", New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-06-17.
- ↑ Clive Thompson (2009-04-16). ""Batteries Not Included", New York Times. Retrieved on 2009-04-19.
- ↑ Sebastian Blanco (2009-04-16). "CARB grants $6.8 million for four hydrogen refueling stations", Autobloggreen. Retrieved on 2009-06-17.
- ↑ "Lights! Camera! Retake!". Telegraph. Retrieved on 2008-01-05.
- ↑ Plane used in Honda skydiving ad crashes in Spain | Media | guardian.co.uk
|Wikinews has related news: Honda demonstrates mind-reading robotic technology|
- "Move Over, Volvo: Honda Sets New Safety Standard for Itself", an article in the "News" section of the March, 2004 issue of Motor Trend, on page 32
- 2004 Annual Corporate Report
- The story of Honda's entry and growth in the American market is documented in Terry Sanders' film The Japan Project: Made in Japan. Honda
- Honda's Midlife Crisis: Honda's slipping market position and views of Fukui Takeo (Chief Executive magazine, December 2005 issue)
- Honda's Corporate History
- Honda Worldwide site
- Honda Power Equipment
- Honda Press Library (Japanese, but with graphical timelines of car and bike models)
- Honda Automobiles at the Open Directory Project
- Honda Motorcycles at the Open Directory Project
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