FANDOM


Hyundai Motor Company
Hyeondae Jadongcha Jushik-hwesa
현대 자동차 주식회사
Type Public
Founded 1967
Founder(s) Chung Ju-yung
Headquarters Seoul, South Korea
Area served Worldwide
Key people Chung Mong-koo, Chairman and CEO
Industry Automobile manufacturer
Products Automobiles and commercial vehicles
Revenue (turnover) increase South Korean Won ₩36.77 trillion (2010)
($33.6 billion USD)
Net income increase ₩5.27 trillion (2010)
($4.8 billion USD)
Total assets increase ₩41 trillion (2010)
($37 billion USD)
Employees 75,000 (as of March 31, 2009)
Parent Hyundai Kia Automotive Group
Website Hyundai-Motor.com
Hyundai Motor Company
Hangul 현대 자동차 주식회사
Hanja 現代自動車株式會社
Revised Romanization Hyeondae Jadongcha Jushikhwesa
McCune–Reischauer Hyŏndae Chatongch'a Chusikhoesa

Hyundai Motor Company (Korean: 현대, Hyŏndae, IPA: [hjə́ːndɛ],[1] modernity; is a Korean automaker which along with Kia comprises the Hyundai Kia Automotive Group, the world's fourth largest automaker as of 2009.[2] As of 2009, it is the world's fastest growing automaker.[3][4] In 2008, Hyundai (without Kia) ranked as the eighth largest automaker.[5]

Headquartered in Seoul, South Korea, Hyundai operates the world's largest integrated automobile manufacturing facility[6] in Ulsan, which is capable of producing 1.6 million units annually. The company employs about 75,000 persons around the world. Hyundai vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 6,000 dealerships and showrooms worldwide. In 2010, Hyundai sold over 1.7 million vehicles worldwide.

HistoryEdit

Hyundai car assembly line

The world's largest automobile manufacturing plant in Ulsan, South Korea, produces over 1.6 million vehicles annually.

Chung Ju-Yung founded the Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company in 1947. Hyundai Motor Company was later established in 1967. The company's first model, the Cortina, was released in cooperation with Ford Motor Company in 1968. When Hyundai wanted to develop their own car, they hired George Turnbull, the former Managing Director of Austin Morris at British Leyland. He in turn hired five other top British car engineers.They were Kenneth Barnett body design, engineers John Simpson and Edward Chapman, John Crosthwaite ex-BRM as chassis engineer and Peter Slater as chief development engineer.[7][8] In 1975, the Pony, the first Korean car, was released, with styling by Giorgio Giugiaro of ItalDesign and powertrain technology provided by Japan's Mitsubishi Motors. Exports began in the following year to Ecuador and soon thereafter to the Benelux countries. In 1991, the company succeeded in developing its first proprietary gasoline engine, the four-cylinder Alpha, and transmission, thus paving the way for technological independence.

In 1983, Hyundai exported the Pony to Canada, but not to the United States because the Pony didn't pass emissions standards there. Canadian sales greatly exceeded expectations, and it was at one point the top-selling car on the Canadian market. The Pony afforded a much higher degree of quality and refinement in the lowest price auto segment than the Eastern-bloc imports of the period then available.

In 1986, Hyundai began to sell cars in the United States, and the Excel was nominated as "Best Product #10" by Fortune magazine, largely because of its affordability. The company began to produce models with its own technology in 1988, beginning with the midsize Sonata.

In 1996, Hyundai Motors India Limited was established with a production plant in Irrungattukotai near Chennai, India.[9]

In 1998, Hyundai began to overhaul its image in an attempt to establish itself as a world-class brand. Chung Ju Yung transferred leadership of Hyundai Motor to his son, Chung Mong Koo, in 1999.[10] Hyundai's parent company, Hyundai Motor Group, invested heavily in the quality, design, manufacturing, and long-term research of its vehicles. It added a 10-year or 100,000-mile (160,000 km) warranty to cars sold in the United States and launched an aggressive marketing campaign.

In 2004, Hyundai was ranked second in "initial quality" in a survey/study by J.D. Power and Associates. Hyundai is now one of the top 100 most valuable brands worldwide. Since 2002, Hyundai has also been one of the worldwide official sponsors of the FIFA World Cup.

In 2006, the South Korean government initiated an investigation of Chung Mong Koo's practices as head of Hyundai, suspecting him of corruption. On April 28, 2006, Chung was arrested, and charged for embezzlement of 100 billion South Korean won (US$106 million).[11] As a result, Hyundai Vice Chairman and CEO, Kim Dong-jin, replaced him as head of the company.

Research and DevelopmentEdit

Hyundai has 6 R&D centres worldwide, located in Korea (three offices), Germany, Japan and India. Additionally, there is an American design center in California that develops designs for US markets.[12]

BusinessEdit

See also: Hyundai

In 1998, after a shake-up in the Korean auto industry caused by overambitious expansion and the Asian financial crisis, Hyundai acquired rival Kia Motors. In 2000, the company established a strategic alliance with DaimlerChrysler and severed its partnership with the Hyundai Group. In 2001, the Daimler-Hyundai Truck Corporation was formed. In 2004, however, DaimlerChrysler divested its interest in the company by selling its 10.5% stake for $900 million.

Hyundai has invested in manufacturing plants in the North America, India, Czech Republic, Pakistan, China and Turkey as well as research and development centers in Europe, Asia, North America, and the Pacific Rim. In 2004, Hyundai Motor Company had $57.2 billion in sales in South Korea making it the country's second largest corporation, or chaebol. Worldwide sales in 2005 reached 2,533,695 units, an 11 percent increase over the previous year. Hyundai has set as its 2006 target worldwide sales of 2.7 million units (excluding exports of CKD kits). In 2007 it reached 3,961,629 worldwide vehicle sales—surpassing Fiat, Chrysler, PSA/Peugeot, Nissan, and Honda.

Hyundai motor vehicles are sold in 193 countries through some 5,000 dealerships and showrooms. After a recent survey of global automotive sales, Hyundai is now the fourth largest automaker in the world as of 2009.[13]

Hyundai Motor Company's brand power continues to rise as it was ranked 72nd in the 2007 Best Global Brands by Interbrand and BusinessWeek survey. brand value estimated at $4.5 billion. Public perception of the Hyundai brand has been transformed as a result of dramatic improvements in the quality of Hyundai vehicles.

Hyundai in North AmericaEdit

United StatesEdit

Hyundai Genesis

The Hyundai Genesis, named the 2009 North American Car of the Year.

2011 Hyundai YF Sonata in South Korea (2)

The 6th Generation Hyundai Sonata will arrive in North America with hybrid technology using a lithium polymer battery.

07-08 Hyundai Tiburon

The Hyundai Tiburon, also known as the Tuscani in South Korea.

Hyundai Santa Fe facelift 2010

Hyundai Santa Fe was awarded the Top Pick by Consumer Reports in 2008.

2010 Hyundai Tucson GLS 1 -- 01-06-2010

The Hyundai Tucson, also known as ix35 in Europe and Brazil from Second generation.

ISAROG LINE Express Transport Incorporated - Hyundai Universe Space Luxury - U-1

A Hyundai Universe Space Luxury, the latest modern coach by Hyundai. Successor to the Hyundai Aero.

Hyundai began selling cars in the United States on February 20, 1986, with a single model, the Hyundai Excel. The Excel was offered in a variety of trims and body styles. That year, Hyundai set a record of selling the most automobiles in its first year of business in the United States compared to any other car brand; total sales in 1986 were 168,882.

Initially well received, the Excel's faults soon became apparent; cost-cutting measures caused reliability to suffer. With an increasingly poor reputation for quality, Hyundai sales plummeted, and many dealerships either earned their profits on repairs or abandoned the product. At one point, Hyundai became the butt of many jokes (i.e. Hyundai stands for "Hope you understand nothing's driveable and inexpensive") and even made David Letterman's Top Ten Hilarious Mischief Night Pranks To Play In Space: #8 - Paste a "Hyundai" logo on the main control panel.[14]

In response, Hyundai began investing heavily in the quality, design, manufacturing, and long-term research of its vehicles. It added a 10-year or 100,000-mile (160,000 km) powertrain warranty (known as the Hyundai challenge) to its vehicles sold in the United States. By 2004, sales had dramatically increased, and the reputation of Hyundai cars improved. In 2004, Hyundai tied with Honda for initial brand quality in a survey/study from J.D. Power and Associates, for having 102 problems per 1000 vehicles. This made Hyundai second in the industry, only behind Toyota, for initial vehicle quality. The company continued this tradition by placing third overall in J.D. Power's 2006 Initial Quality Survey, behind only Porsche and Lexus.[15]

Hyundai continues to invest heavily in its American operations as its cars grow in popularity. In 1990, Hyundai established the Hyundai Design Center in Fountain Valley, California. The center moved to a new $30 million facility in Irvine, California in 2003, and was renamed the Hyundai Kia Motors Design and Technical Center. Besides the design studio, the facility also housed Hyundai America Technical Center, Inc. (HATCI, established in 1986), a subsidiary responsible for all engineering activities in the U.S. for Hyundai. Hyundai America Technical Center moved to its new 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m²), $117 million headquarters in Superior Township, Michigan (near Ann Arbor) in 2005. Later that same year, HATCI announced that it would be expanding its technical operations in Michigan and hiring 600 additional engineers and other technical employees over a period of five years. The center also has employees in California and Alabama.

Hyundai America Technical Center completed construction of its Hyundai/Kia proving ground in California City, California in 2004. The 4,300-acre (17 km²

) facility is located in the Mojave Desert and features a 6.4-mile (10.3 km) oval track,[6] a Vehicle Dynamics Area, a vehicle-handling course inside the oval track, a paved hill road, and several special surface roads. A 30,000-square-foot (2,800 m²) complex featuring offices and indoor testing areas is located on the premises as well. The facility was built at a cost of $50 million. An aerial view can be found here.[16] Hyundai completed an assembly plant just outside Montgomery, Alabama in 2004, with a grand opening on May 20, 2005, at a cost of $1.1 billion. At full capacity, the plant will employ 2,000 workers. Currently, the plant assembles the Hyundai Sonata and the Hyundai Santa Fe. It is Hyundai's second attempt at producing cars in North America since Hyundai Auto Canada Inc.'s plant in Quebec closed in 1993.

In 2003, Consumer Reports, based on complaints about 2002 model new cars that in general are less than one year usage, ranked Hyundai's reliability tied with Honda's; however, J.D. Power and Associates put Hyundai's 2002 vehicles below the industry average according to its annual Initial Quality Survey, which looks at problems in the first 90 days of ownership.[17]

In 2006, J.D. Power and Associates' quality ranking, overall the Hyundai brand ranked 3rd, just behind Porsche and Lexus, and beating long time rival Toyota.[18] But Hyundai's ranking fell to twelfth in 2007.[19] However, in 2009, Hyundai was the Highest Ranked Non-Premium Nameplate in the J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality Study.[20]

In the 2007 Strategic Vision Total Quality Awards, Hyundai Motors leads the most vehicle segments in Strategic Vision's Total Quality Index, measuring the ownership experience. They attempt to measure more than just the number of problems per vehicle. Hyundai tops in Strategic Vision Total Quality Awards. For the first time ever, Hyundai has risen to share the position of having the most models leading a segment. three models with the top Total Quality Index (TQI) score in their segments, including the Hyundai Azera, Entourage, Santa Fe.[21][22]

In 2007 at the New York International Auto Show, Hyundai unveiled its V8 rear-drive luxury sedan called the Concept Genesis to be slotted above the Azera in the Hyundai line-up. This concept made its American debut in mid-2008. The Genesis reintroduced rear-wheel drive to the Hyundai range following a long period of only producing front-wheel drive cars.[23]

In 2007 at the Los Angeles International Auto Show, Hyundai unveiled its second rear-drive concept car, the Concept Genesis Coupe, will be Hyundai's first sports car due to make its debut in early 2009.[24]

In 2008, Hyundai Santa Fe and Hyundai Elantra were awarded 2008 Consumer Reports "top picks". The magazine's annual ratings, based on road tests and predicted safety and reliability are considered highly influential among consumers.[25] The Hyundai Elantra was Consumer Reports' top-ranked 2008 vehicle among 19 other compacts and small family cars, beating out the Honda Civic, Toyota Corolla and Toyota Prius.[26]

In 2008, at the North American International Auto Show, the production version of the luxury & performance-oriented Hyundai Genesis sedan made its debut, dealerships will have the Genesis as soon as summer 2008. In 2008, at the New York International Auto Show, Hyundai debuted its production version of the performance-oriented rear-drive Hyundai Genesis Coupe, slated to hit dealerships in early 2009.

On January 6, Hyundai reported sales of December 2008 fell to 24,037, from 46,487 in previous year and sales for the year dropped 14%, a day after the company launched 'Hyundai Assurance' in order to spark sales amid tough economic conditions.[27]

In 2009 Hyundai announced the five-door hatchback variant of the Elantra compact sedan will carry the name Elantra Touring when it goes on sale in the spring as a 2009 model.[28]

In 2009, the Hyundai Genesis luxury sedan was named 2009 North American Car of the Year, the first for Hyundai.[29] The Genesis has received a number of well-recognized automobile awards worldwide. It also won the 2009 Canadian Car of the Year after winning its category of Best New Luxury Car under $50,000.[30] The Hyundai's V8 Tau engine in the Genesis, which develops 375 hp (280 kW) on premium fuel and 368 hp (274 kW) on regular fuel, received 2009 Ward's 10 Best Engines award.[31]

In 2009, 4 models from Hyundai and two from Kia, earned the Top Safety Award by IIHS.[32]

In 2009, Hyundai/Kia vehicles were named as "least expensive vehicles to insure". Hyundai/Kia vehicles were the least expensive to insure and occupied the 'top five' least expensive slots, said Insure.com.[33]

In 2009, According to a preliminary report from the Environmental Protection Agency published in November 2009, which is based on 2009 pre-model year production projections provided by automakers,[34] Hyundai, at an average of 23.4 mpg-US (10.1 L/100 km/28.1 mpg-imp), is the second most fuel-efficient automaker in America, after Honda's combined U.S. fleet of Honda and Acura models at an average of 23.6 mpg-US (9.97 L/100 km/28.3 mpg-imp).[35]

In 2010, a Consumer Reports reliability survey ranked Hyundai (including Kia) as the fourth-best automaker. The ratings reflect the performance, comfort, utility and reliability of more than 280 vehicles that the magazine recently tested.[36]

In 2010, the Hyundai Equus made its North American debut at the North American International Auto Show.

US sales by calendar yearEdit

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
186,882 263,610 264,282 183,261
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
137,448 117,630 108,549 108,796 126,095 107,378 108,468 113,186 90,217 164,190
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
244,391 346,255 375,119 400,221 418,615 455,012 455,520 467,009 401,742 435,064
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
538,228

Hyundai in CanadaEdit

In 1989, Hyundai Auto Canada Inc. opened a stamping and assembly plant in Bromont, Quebec, employing 800. The plant cost $387.7 million, with Quebec and Canadian federal government subsidies of $131 million.[37] The plant was designed to manufacture approximately 2000 Hyundai Sonatas per week.[37] Subsequently, Chrysler and Hyundai considered a joint venture that would have Chrysler rebranding the Sonata manufactured at Bromont — only to later announce the deal had failed.[38] The Bromont plant was operational for four years before it closed — with Hyundai's sales unable to support the plant. With boost in Sales in 2009, Hyundai Auto Canada Inc. is currently planning to build a new plant in Canada and resume production in Canada.[39] Hyundai subsequently sold the plant,[39] which was eventually purchased by AAER Inc., a manufacturer of wind turbines based in Quebec.

Hyundai In IndiaEdit

HyundaiChennai

Hyundai's manufacturing plant at Irungattukottai near Sriperumbudur, India.

Hyundai Motor India Limited is currently the second largest carmaker after Maruti Suzuki and largest auto exporter in India.[40] It is making India the global manufacturing base for small cars. Hyundai sells several models in India, the most popular being the Santro Xing, i10 and the i20. Other models include Getz Prime, Accent, Terracan, Elantra (Discontinued), second generation Verna, Tucson, Santa Fe and the Sonata Transform. Hyundai has two manufacturing plants in India located at Sriperumbudur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Both plants have a combined annual capacity of 600,000 units.In the year 2007 Hyundai opened its R&D facility in Hyderabad Andhra pradesh, employing now nearly 450 engineers from different parts of the country.Basically the Hyundai Motors India Engineering (HMIE) gives technical & engineering support in Vehicle development and CAD & CAE support to Hyundai's main R&D center in Namyang Korea. In 2010, Hyundai started its design activities at Hyderabad R&D Center with Styling, Digital Design & Skin CAD Teams.

Hyundai in EuropeEdit

On November 2008, Hyundai opened its European plant in Nošovice, Czech Republic, following an investment of over 1 billion euros and over two years of construction.[41][42] The plant, which mainly manufactures the i30 for the European market, has an annual capacity of 200,000 cars.[43] The new Hyundai plant is 90 kilometers north of Kia Motors' Žilina Plant in Slovakia.

Hyundai in TurkeyEdit

Hyundai in EgyptEdit

Hyundai cars are manufactured in Egypt also, the local manufacturer of these vehicles is the Ghabbour Group which is located in Cairo. They have a big model range and offers sports models of some car models which are only offered on the Egypt market. Formerly, the company had assembled vehicles from the GM concern.

Hyundai in ChinaEdit

Hyundai models sell well in China.

Beijing HyundaiEdit

A joint venture with Beijing Automotive Group,[44] Beijing Hyundai Motor manufactures many Hyundai vehicles, as well as a few models which are exclusive to the Chinese market.[45] This company sold 700,000 passenger cars in 2010.[46] Hyundai-branded SUVs were sold by a different company.

Hawtai partnershipEdit

Between 2002[47]-2010[48] Hawtai Automobile made Chinese-market versions of the Hyundai Matrix,[49] the Hyundai Santa Fe[47][50] and the Hyundai Terracan.[47][50] The Santa Fe was the fifth most-purchased SUV in China in 2010,[51] and some of Hawtai's versions may greatly differ from those sold in other markets.[52][53]

Commercial vehiclesEdit

In October 2010, Hyundai signed agreement with Sichuan Nanjun Automobile on setting up a commercial vehicle joint venture—Sichuan Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd.[54]

Hyundai in JapanEdit

Despite having growing sales worldwide, Hyundai struggled in Japan, having sold only 15,000 passenger cars from 2001 to 2009. Following an announcement on November 2009, Hyundai pulled their passenger car division out of the Japanese market and focused on their commercial vehicle division instead.[55]

Electric vehiclesEdit

Main article: Hybrid electric vehicle

Since 2004, Hyundai has supplied about 3,000 hybrid versions of its Getz and Accent small cars to government fleets as part of a testing program. The automaker cites a lack of local tax benefits for purchasing hybrids as a barrier to its hybrid development program. But Hyundai expects the tax situation to change in 2009.

The new hybrid electric Sonata made its debut at the Los Angeles International Auto Show in November 2008. Hyundai expects to release it in the U.S. market in 2010, featuring lithium-ion battery technology.[56]

Hyundai plan to begin producing hybrid electric vehicles in 2009. The company is going to use Hybrid Blue Drive, which includes lithium polymer batteries, as opposed to lithium-ion.[57][58][59] The Avante was be the first vehicle to be produced. Other are the Santa Fe Hybrid, the Elantra, Sonata Hybrid (to the U.S. market in 2010) and the Hyundai i20, which will replace the Hyundai Getz.

Hyundai began producing the Elantra LPI Hybrid (or Avante in the local market) was launched in the South Korean domestic market in July 2009. The Elantra LPI (Liquefied Petroleum Injected) is the world's first hybrid electric vehicle to be powered by an internal combustion engine built to run on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) as a fuel. The Elantra PLI is a mild hybrid and the first hybrid to adopt advanced lithium polymer (Li–Poly) batteries.[60][61]

The Hyundai Blue Will plug-in hybrid has made its U.S. debut at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit 2010.[62][63]

In 2010 the company is going to launch the mass-market Hyundai i10 EV. Includes a LG 16 kW·h lithium-ion battery, for 100 miles (160 km) all electric range, and a 49 kW·h electric motor[64]

At the 2010 Geneva Motor Show, Hyundai unveiled the i-flow, a concept car using a variant of the BLUE-WILL hybrid system. The i-flow Concept uses a 1.7-liter twin-turbo diesel engine along with electric batteries to achieve fuel economy of 3 litres per 100 kilometres (94 mpg-imp/78 mpg-US). Hyundai says a production car based on the i-flow's design will be in production by 2011.[65]

Environmental recordEdit

On April 23, 2008 Hyundai Motor announced the beginning of a five-year project to turn 50 km² of infertile land into grassland by 2012. Hyundai is doing so with the help of the Korean Federation for Environmental Movement (KFEM). The project, named Hyundai Green Zone, is located 660 km north of Beijing. The goal of the project is to end the recurring dust storms in Beijing, block desertification and protect the local ecosystem. Local weeds will be planted in the region that have the ability to endure sterile alkaline soil. This is the first environmental project of the company's social contribution program.Hyundai also made electric car concept i10 recently.[66][67]

Hyundai Motor plans to aid Chevron Corporation in the construction of up to six hydrogen fueling stations that will be located in California, including locations at the University of California-Davis and the Hyundai America Technical Center in Chino. Hyundai is going to provide a collection of 32 Tucson fuel cell vehicles, which are powered by UTC Fuel Cell power plants.[68]

MotorsportEdit

Am2 hyundai

Alister McRae driving an Accent WRC at the 2001 Rally Finland.

Hyundai entered motorsport by competing in the F2 class of the World Rally Championship in 1998 and 1999. In September 1999, Hyundai unveiled the Accent WRC, a World Rally Car based on the Hyundai Accent. The Hyundai World Rally Team debuted the car at the 2000 Swedish Rally and achieved their first top-ten result at that year's Rally Argentina, when Alister McRae and Kenneth Eriksson finished seventh and eighth, respectively. Eriksson later drove the car to fifth place in New Zealand and fourth in Australia. In 2001, Hyundai debuted a new evolution of the Accent WRC, which was intended to improve reliability, but the performance of the car was still not good enough to challenge the four big teams (Ford, Mitsubishi, Peugeot and Subaru). However, at the season-ending Rally GB, the team achieved their best result with McRae finishing fourth and Eriksson sixth.

For the 2002 season, Hyundai hired the four-time world champion Juha Kankkunen, along with Freddy Loix and Armin Schwarz. Kankkunen's fifth place in New Zealand was the team's best result, but they managed to edge out Škoda and Mitsubishi by one point in the battle for fourth place in the manufacturers' world championship. In September 2003, after a season hampered by budget constraints, Hyundai announced withdrawal from the WRC and planned to return in 2006, which did not happen.[69]

In 2006, following the announcement that Korea was scheduled to earn a Formula One Grand Prix, Hyundai planned to enter the sport.[70] The Korean Grand Prix was first held in 2010, but Hyundai have not entered the championship. Hyundai announced they would be revealing their future rally plans at the 2011 Chicago Auto Show, on February 9.[71] The current plans for rallying are focused around the newest Hyundai release, the Veloster.[72]

Model lineupEdit

SUVs and vansEdit

Commercial vehiclesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Pronunciations in English vary. Among the variants are: The closest English pronunciation to the original Korean would be /ˈhjʌndɛ/ HYUN-deh, but the final vowel is checked and cannot occur word-final in English.
  2. You must specify title = and url = when using {{cite web}}."". OICA.
  3. "Global auto industry realigns | detnews.com | The Detroit News". detnews.com (2009-06-11). Retrieved on 2009-09-16.
  4. "/ Columnists / David Pilling - South Korea is no longer the underdog". Ft.com (2010-02-24). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  5. "World Ranking of Manufacturers 2008 by production". OICA.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Taylor III, Alex (2010-01-05). "Hyundai smokes the competition", CNN. 
  7. The Times, July 4, 1974
  8. The Engineer, January 30, 1975
  9. "Hyundai Motors India Ltd". Business.mapsofindia.com (2010-04-09). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  10. "Chung Mong-koo". Business Week.
  11. Sang-hun, Choe (2006, April 28). "South Korea Arrests Head of Hyundai Motor", New York Times/International Herald Tribune. 
  12. [1]
  13. "Hyundai Beats Ford, Becomes World's 4th Automaker". autoevolution. Retrieved on 2010-09-20.
  14. TBD. "Letterman Top Ten jokes about Hyundai". Cbs.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  15. "Porsche, Hyundai score big gains in J.D. Power quality survey - AutoWeek Magazine". Autoweek.com (2006-08-06). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  16. "1624 Flight Line, Mojave, California - Google Maps". Maps.google.com (1970-01-01). Retrieved on 2009-09-16.
  17. Eldridge, Earle (2003-03-11). "Hyundai's reliability rankings now tie Honda's". "USA Today. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  18. "J.D. Power Announces Hyundai Ranks Top In Customer Satisfaction". Motortrend.com (2010-12-13). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  19. "Ford beats Toyota in quality rankings". AP via MSNBC.com (2007-06-06).
  20. Hyundai is the Highest Ranked Non-Premium Nameplate in the J.D. Power and Associates Initial Quality Study 2009. The autochannel
  21. "The 2007 Total Quality Award Winners". Strategic Vision. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  22. "Hyundai models tally tops Strategic Vision’s 2007 quality perception awards"
  23. Hyundai Concept Genesis - 2007 New York Auto Show
  24. "Hyundai Unveils Rear-Wheel-Drive Genesis Coupe Concept". Worldcarfans.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  25. "Hyundai breaks through with two 'top' models". MSNBC (2008-02-28). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  26. "Gas-saving sedans, The refined Elantra SE beats the very thrifty Corolla". Consumerreports.org (2010-02-11). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  27. Alan Ohnsman and Mike Ramsey (2009-01-06). "Toyota, Honda U.S. Slump Ends Gains Dating to Mid-90s", bloomberg. 
  28. "Hyundai announces Elantra hatchback". Blogs.motortrend.com (2007-08-08). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  29. "2009 North American Car of the Year". NACOTY, January 11, 2009.
  30. "2009 Canadian Car of the Year" (PDF). Automobile Journalists Association of Canada, October 24, 2008.
  31. "Ward's 2009 10 Best Engines Winners". WARD'S, December 5, 2008.
  32. Top Safety Picks 2009, IIHS, 2009
    Hyundai Genesis, Hyundai Entourage, Kia Sedona, Hyundai Santa Fe, Hyundai Veracruz, Kia Soul
  33. The Most Expensive Cars to Insure June 3, 2009, U.S. News Rankings & Reviews
  34. "Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2009". U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
  35. Makiko Kitamura and Alan Ohnsman (2010-06-23). "Honda's Ito Defends Fuel Efficiency Lead as Hyundai Gains", Bloomberg. 
  36. Who makes the best cars? Hyundai made real strides in the past year April 2010. Consumer Reports
  37. 37.0 37.1 "Hyundai to Add Quebec Plant", The New York Times (1989-07-05). Retrieved on 2010-05-04. 
  38. Doron P. Levin (1990-07-24). "Chrysler And Hyundai Venture Off", The New York Times. Retrieved on 2010-05-04. 
  39. 39.0 39.1 Tony Van Alphen (2009-09-14). "Hyundai CEO wants Canadian car plant", The Toronto Star. Retrieved on 2010-05-04. 
  40. "Vehicle Sales in India Surge 31%, the Fastest Pace in Over Two Years", Wall Street Journal (2009-08-11). Retrieved on 2009-08-11. 
  41. Agence France-Presse (2006-01-25). "Hyundai Considers Czech Auto Plant", IndustryWeek. Retrieved on 2009-12-12. 
  42. "Mass Production Officially Launched at the New Hyundai Plant in the Czech Republic", Automobiles Review (2008-11-15). Retrieved on 2009-12-12. 
  43. Kalab, Vladimir (2008-11-04). "First Czech-made Hyundai Cars Leaving Nošovice Plant", Prague Daily Monitor. Retrieved on 2009-12-12. 
  44. BEIJING HYUNDAI OPENS NEW PLANT, ADDS NEW MODEL Hyundai Official Site
  45. HYUNDAI REVEALS THREE NEW MODELS AT SHANGHAI AUTO SHOW Hyundai Official Site
  46. Hyundai sells 1M cars in China joongangdaily.com, January 03, 2011
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 A New Bentley? No, It Is a Hawtai B11 chinaautoweb.com, August 17, 2010
  48. Hawtai to launch B35 SUV at years end chinacartimes.com, November 15, 2010 at 4:22 pm
  49. Huatai Automobile to manufacture Hyundai matrix gasgoo.com, 06, 2008
  50. 50.0 50.1 (2006) World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o., 226. 
  51. Top 10 Best-Selling Sedans and SUVs in 2010 chinaautoweb.com, January 14, 2011
  52. Huatai Santa Fe C9 goes on the market globaltimes.cn, September 21, 2009
  53. Huatai-Hyundai and Roewe hook up to stick 1.8T in SanteFe chinacartimes.com, October 11, 2007
  54. "Hyundai Picks Sichuan Nanjun for Commercial Vehicle Joint Venture", ChinaAutoWeb.com. 
  55. "Hyundai Suspends Japan Sales", Straits Times (2009-11-28). Retrieved on 2009-12-02. 
  56. "report". Reuters.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  57. "Green Car Congress site". Greencarcongress.com (2008-09-03). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  58. Hyudnai worldwide news
  59. "Hyundai reveals hybrid blue drive architecture in Los Angeles"
  60. "Hyundai Elantra LPi hybrid official press release". Hyundai (2009-07-10). Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  61. "Hyundai Unveils Elantra LPI HEV at Seoul Motor Show". Hyundai Global News (2009-04-02). Retrieved on 2010-03-23.
  62. "Hyundai Blue-Will, a plug-in hybrid". Engadget.com. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  63. "Hyundai's futuristic plug-in hybrid Blue-Will has Detroit auto show debut", USA Today (2010-01-11). Retrieved on 2010-05-04. 
  64. "Hyundai To Launch i10 Electric Vehicle In 2010". The Car Connection (2009-09-08). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  65. "Hyundai i-flow Concept Revealed at Geneva". Automoblog.net (2010-03-04). Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  66. "Hyundai to Green Mongolian Desert". Korean Times. April 24, 2008. Accessed May 16, 2008.
  67. "Hyundai Motor to Begin 'Green Project' in China" Korean Times. April 23, 2008. Accessed May 16, 2008
  68. "U.S. Hydrogen Highway Paved With Public-Private Research Funds". Environment News Service, April 28, 2004. Accessed May 16, 2008.
  69. "Hyundai to quit World Rally", BBC (2003-09-17). Retrieved on 2008-11-03. 
  70. Lavrinc, Damon (2006-10-23). "Hyundai to Enter F1 in 2010". Autoblog. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  71. http://blog.roadandtrack.com/hyundai%E2%80%99s-getting-dirty/
  72. http://www.hyundaiusa.com/vehicles/future-cars.aspx
  73. "Automotive Engineering International Online: Global Vehicle Development: Part III Asia". Sae.org. Retrieved on 2010-12-17.
  74. :: Ghabbour Auto ::

External linksEdit

Commons-logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Hyundai Motor Company. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia