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IHC Friction Drive 20 HP
IHC Friction Drive 20 HP
IHC Friction Drive 20 HP
Model history
Model introduced 1907
Model discontinued 1909
Model status Discontinued
No. produced 1058 (all Friction-Drive)
Superseded by Type A 20 HP
Engine Specification
Engine make Famous
Fuel type gasoline
Power hp 20
Governed rpm 240
Displacement cu in /(litre) 954 ci
No. of Cylinders 1
Bore in (mm) 9 in
Stroke in (mm) 15 in
Cooling system Water
Naturally aspirated, Turbo or Supercharged NA
Transmission Details
Transmission type friction
Gearbox make Morton
Forward infinite
Reverse infinite
Drive 2-WD
Linkage Category Unknown
Tractor Dimensions
Weight (nominal) lb/kg 10500 lb
Other info
Factories Upper Sandusky, Ohio, USA; Akron, Ohio, USA; Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Plow rating 3
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The IHC Friction-Drive was built by International Harvester from 1906 to 1910 in the USA.

Model History Edit

For Company history see
Main article: International Harvester Co article

In 1899, S.S. Morton built a single-cylinder gasoline traction engine, basically a portable engine. He organized the Morton Traction Co. and, in 1903, built 12 friction-drive traction engines. The Ohio Mfg. Co. of Upper Sandusky, Ohio bought out Morton and took over production. International Harvester bought several Morton traction engines from Ohio Mfg. for testing in 1905. In 1906 International contracted with the Ohio Mfg. Co. to equip its Morton friction-drive traction engine chassis with Famous stationary-type single-cylinder gasoline engines built in International’s Milwaukee factory. The completed gasoline traction engines carried no brand name but were known by the company initials, IHC. 14 machines were built the first year with 10, 12, and 15-hp engines.

The Friction-Drive traction engine (the term tractor was not yet in general use) was a fairly crude machine, with chain and bolster steering (the front axle pivoted at its center and steering was by chains attached to the axle near the wheels) and an open evaporative cooling system (water was dribbled down screens and collected in a catch basin). The Friction-Drive machines were usually used for stationary belt work (threshing, etc.) because the friction drive was not really suitable for plowing.

Timeline Edit

  • Introduced 1906, last made in 1910

Factory locations Edit

  • Ohio Manufacturing Co., Upper Sandusky, Ohio, USA (all models 1906-1909)
  • Akron Works, Akron, Ohio, USA (all models 1909-1910)
  • Milwaukee Works, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA (all models 1909)

Specification Edit

See Infobox for basic details

10-HP Friction-Drive (1906-08)

  • Weight:
  • Displacement:
  • RPM:

12-HP Friction-Drive (1906-10)

  • Weight:
  • Displacement: 530 ci
  • RPM:

15-HP Friction-Drive (1906-10)

  • Weight: 9920 lb
  • Displacement: 704 ci
  • RPM: 240

20-HP Friction-Drive (1907-10)

  • Weight: 10500 lb
  • Displacement: 901 ci
  • RPM: 240

Variations and Options Edit

Serial Numbers Information Edit

Serial Numbers and Year of Manufacture data[1]
Year Serial run Number Built Notes (Total built 1058).
1908-09 T5000-5236 237

Preservation Edit

An IHC Friction-Drive 15 HP from 1908 is owned by Vernon Iverson, Lamberton, Minnesota. A 20-hp version of the same year is owned by Wendell and Mary Kelch, Bethel, Ohio.[2]

{{subst:PML IHC Friction-Drive }}

Gallery Edit

Add extra photos here please.

See also Edit

Collection related info
  • Shows and Meets - events featuring tractors and other machinery
  • Clubs Listing - List of clubs including various tractor marques
  • Collections - list of private collections with tractors (add yours)
  • Museums - includes museums featuring tractors (please add missing ones)

References / Sources Edit

  1. Wendel, C. H. 1981. 150 Years of International Harvester, Crestline Publishing Co., Sarasota, Florida. (Friction-Drive serial numbers p.411)
  2. Leffingwell, Randy 1999. International Harvester Tractors, MBI Publishing Co., Osceola, Wisconsin. pp.14, 18, 190

External Links Edit


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