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International 454

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International 454 1971
International 454 utility, 1971
Model history
Model introduced 1970
Model discontinued 1973
Model status Discontinued
No. produced 7,813
Preceded by International 444
Superseded by International 464
Engine Specification
Engine make International
Engine model D-179
Fuel type diesel
Power hp 50 engine, 41 pto, 35 drawbar
Governed rpm 2200
Displacement cu in /(litre) 179 ci
No. of Cylinders 3
Bore in (mm) 3.875"
Stroke in (mm) 5.0625"
Cooling system Water
Naturally aspirated, Turbo or Supercharged NA
Transmission Details
Transmission type syncromesh with high-low-reverse shuttle
Forward 8
Reverse 4
Drive 2-WD
General Data
Linkage Category Category I 3-point hitch, draft control
Tyre Sizes (std/options)
Front 6.00-16 4-ply
Rear 13.6-28 4-ply
Tractor Dimensions
Length (inches/metres) 133"
Width (inches/meters) 66"
Height (inches/meters) 55"
Weight (nominal) lb/kg 4000 lb
Turning circle (nominal) inches/meters 18 ft
Wheelbase 75"
Other info
Factories Doncaster, England and Louisville, Kentucky, USA
Plow rating
Nebraska Tests No. 1097
Approximate Cost new in (year) $4705 (1971)
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The International 454 was a world-wide design built by International Harvester from 1970 to 1973 in several factories. It was manufactured in Doncaster, England for the European market. For the USA, skid units were supplied from Doncaster and final assembly was carried out in Louisville, Kentucky, including installation of US-built engines for gasoline models.

Model history

Main article: International Harvester

The International 454 utility tractor replaced the previous 444. The new model was styled to match the new "66" series of large tractors. The 454 had a longer wheelbase than the 444 and a new "Lightning-Flash" in-line shift 4-speed syncromesh transmission combined with a high-low-reverse shuttle. The gasoline engine was a new International C-157 4-cylinder, governed at a higher 2200 rpm. The pto hp was increased from 38 to 41. Replacing the old BD-154 4-cylinder diesel engine was the International D-179 3-cylinder built in International's Neuss, Germany factory. The pto hp was increased from 37 for the 444 diesel to 40 for the 454 diesel.

Tractor Comparison, gasoline models Edit

The gasoline-powered International 454 was well matched in weight, power, and price with the David Brown 3800, Ford 3000, John Deere 1020, and Massey Ferguson MF135. The ancient Oliver 550 was somewhat cheaper, with fewer advanced features. The Massey Ferguson 135 Special was apparently a stripped model to keep the price low. After the International 454 grew in size and power the Case 470 was no longer competitive. The Case 570 more closely matched the 454, but at a much higher price.

Make & model Pto hp Displace. Speeds Weight (lb) Price-$ (year)
International 454 41 157 8 3780 4265 (1971), 4650 (1973)
Case 470 33 148 12 3490 4465 (1971)
Case 570 39 159 12 3530 5320 (1971)
David Brown 3800 39 146 12 3370 4592 (1971)
Ford 3000 38 158 8 3664 4003 (1971)
John Deere 1020 39 135 8 4100 4111 (1971)
Massey-Ferguson 135 Special 37 153 6 3050 3449 (1971)
Massey-Ferguson 135 37 153 6-8-12 3085 4078 (1971)
Oliver 550 44 155 6 3229 3867 (1971)

Tractor Comparison, diesel models Edit

The diesel-powered International 454 was a fairly close match for the Ford 3000, John Deere 1020, Massey Ferguson MF135, Oliver 550, and the Fiat-built Minneapolis-Moline G350 and Oliver 1265 twins. The German-built Deutz D4006 was somewhat lower in price and the UTB-built Long 445 was much lower. The Case 470 was no longer competitive for power. The Case 570 was more closely matched with the International but was much more expensive. The David Brown 880 and 885 were also considerably more expensive than the International 454.

Make & model Pto hp Displace. Speeds Weight (lb) Price-$ (year)
International 454 40 154 8 4000 4705 (1971), 5065 (1973)
Case 470 34 188 12 3565 4920 (1971)
Case 570 41 188 12 3675 5890 (1971)
David Brown 880 42 164 12 3850 5421 (1971)
David Brown 885 43 164 12 3740 5940 (1971)
Deutz D4006 38 173 8 4180 4068 (1971)
Fiat 450 143 8-9 3900
Ford 3000 39 175 8 3801 4415 (1971)
John Deere 1020 39 152 8 4150 4491 (1971)
Long 445 42 143 6 3880 4454 (1973)
Massey-Ferguson 135 38 153 6-8-12 3260 4478 (1971)
Minneapolis-Moline G350 41 158 9 3810 4883 (1971)
Oliver 550 39 155 6 3245 4744 (1971)
Oliver 1265 41 158 9 3808 4883 (1971)

Note: Most specifications and prices in comparison tables from The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010[1], Farm Tractors 1950-1975[2], and Farm Tractors 1975-1995[3]

Timeline Edit

Factory locations Edit

  • International Harvester Great Britain, Ltd., Doncaster, England
  • Louisville Works, Louisville, Kentucky, USA

SpecificationEdit

For basic spec see Infobox on the right. Add details here.

  • C-157 4-cylinder gasoline engine
  • 4-speed syncromesh transmission with high-low-reverse shuttle
  • Adjustable front axle
  • Differential lock
  • Hydrostatic power steering
  • Electric starter and lights
  • Standard tires
    • Front: 6.00-16 4-ply
    • Rear: 13.6-28 4-ply

OptionsEdit

  • D-179 3-cylinder diesel engine
  • Category I 3-point hitch, draft control
  • Independent pto
  • ROPS
  • Optional tires
    • Front: 6.50-16
    • Rear: 14.9-28

Serial numbers version)Edit

Year Serial no. run
start[1]
Serial no. run
End
Number Built Notes
1970 501 507 7 Production calculated from serial no. range
1971 508 4907 4400
1972 4908 8063 3156
1973 8064 8313[4] Last built
Total built 7813

PreservationEdit

Add details of known examples in preservation;

List of Preserved International 545 tractors
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Make + Model No. Reg No.
(if known)
Serial No. Build-Date Engine-Type/Make Owner
(if known)
Photo Were seen/Featured in Other info
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Image needed LHB


Please add any tractor with known reg or serial no. with Photo if possible.
Make & model reg no serial no date built engine owner Image needed LHB

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Gallery Edit

Add extra photos here please.

See alsoEdit

Collection related info
  • Shows and Meets - events featuring tractors and other machinery
  • Clubs Listing - List of clubs including various tractor marques
  • Collections - list of private collections with tractors (add yours)
  • Museums - includes museums featuring tractors (please add missing ones)

References/sourcesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hall, Mike, Ed., The Official Tractor Blue Book 2010, Price Digests, Overland Park, Kansas, 2009
  2. Larsen, Lester, Farm Tractors 1950-1975, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1981
  3. Gay, Larry, Farm Tractors 1975-1995, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1995
  4. Baumheckel, Ralph and Borghoff, Kent, International Farm Equipment Product History, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, 1997

External linksEdit

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