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Lancia Automobiles S.p.A.
Type Private
Founded November 29 1906
Founder(s) Vincenzo Lancia
Headquarters Turin, Italy
Key people Luca di Montezemolo (President)
Olivier François (CEO)
Industry Automotive
Products Automobiles
Parent Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.
Website Lancia.com

Lancia Automobiles S.p.A. (ˈlantʃa) is an Italian automobile manufacturer founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and which became part of the Fiat Group in 1969. The company has a long history of producing distinctive cars and also has a strong rally heritage. Modern Lancias are seen as presenting a more luxurious alternative to the models in the Fiat range upon which they are based. One of the firm's trademarks is the use of letters of the Greek alphabet as the names of its models. The Lancia CEO is Olivier François.

HistoryEdit

Foundation and early yearsEdit

2006 SAG - Lancia Beta Torpedo 1520 HP 1909 -03
Lancia Beta Torpedo (1909)
Scoty6776Added by Scoty6776

Lancia was founded on 29 November 1906 in Turin by Vincenzo Lancia and his friend Claudio Fogolin, both being Fiat racing drivers, as Lancia & C. The first Lancia automobile the "tipo 51" or 12 HP (later called Alfa) was made in 1907 and produced from 1908. This car had a small four cylinder engine with a power of 58 bhp.[1]

Lancia is famous for many automotive innovations. These include the 1913 Theta, which was the first production car in Europe to feature a complete electrical system as standard equipment.[2] The first car with a monocoque-type body – the Lambda, produced from 1922 to 1931 also featured 'Sliding Pillar' independent front suspension that incorporated the spring and hydraulic damper into a single unit (and featured on most production Lancias until the Appia was replaced in 1963). 1948 saw the first 5 speed gearbox to be fitted to a production car (Series 3 Ardea). Lancia premiered the first full-production V6 engine, in the 1950 Aurelia,[3] after earlier industry-leading experiments with V8 and V12 engine configurations. It was also the first company to produce a V4 engine. Also, Lancia pioneered the use of independent suspension in production cars, in an era where live axles were common practice for both the front and rear axles of a car. They also developed rear transaxles which were fitted to the Aurelia and Flaminia ranges.

Edit

The original Lancia logo was designed by Count Carlo Biscaretti di Ruffia. The logo shows a lance and shield with flag. The Turin automobile museum is named after him as Museo Nazionale dell'Automobile “Carlo Biscaretti di Ruffia”. The logo was redesigned in 2007.

ProductsEdit

(for all Lancia cars and motorsports, see Lancia in wikipedia

Trucks, buses and other historical productionEdit

Light commercial vehiclesEdit

  • Lancia Beta / Lancia Beta Diesel
  • Lancia Jolly
  • Lancia Superjolly

TrucksEdit

Lancia Esadelta C
Lancia Esadelta C
Scoty6776Added by Scoty6776
Mauri (Lancia 703-08)
Mauri Lancia 703-08 bus
Scoty6776Added by Scoty6776
  • Lancia Eta (car with a loading area)
  • Lancia Jota (1915)
  • Lancia Dijota (1915)
  • Lancia Triota (1921)
  • Lancia Tetrajota (1921)
  • Lancia Pentajota (1924)
  • Lancia Esajota
  • Lancia Eptajota (1927)
  • Lancia Omicron
  • Lancia Ro (1932)
  • Lancia Ro-Ro (1935)
  • Lancia 3Ro (1938)
  • Lancia EsaRo (1941)
  • Lancia E 290 (1941) single-built electric truck
  • Lancia 6Ro (1947)
  • Lancia Esatau (1950–1968)
  • Lancia Beta / Lancia Beta Diesel
  • Lancia Esatau B (1955)
  • Lancia Beta Diesel (1959) Lancia Beta 190, with a supercharged twin-cylinder compressor – two stroke – diesel engine
  • Lancia Esadelta B (1959)
  • Lancia Esadelta C (1969)
  • Lancia Esagamma (1968)

BusesEdit

  • Lancia Trijota
  • Lancia Tetrajota
  • Lancia Omicron
  • Lancia Ro
  • Lancia Esatau
  • Lancia Esagamma

TrolleybusesEdit

  • Lancia Esatau V11

Military vehiclesEdit

  • Lancia IZM (1912) armored vehicle
  • Lancia 3Ro (1939) truck
  • Lancia EsaRo (1942) truck
  • Lancia Lince (lynx) (1942) armored car - a copy of Daimler Dingo MK I
  • Lancia 6Ro (1948) LKW
  • Lancia CL51 (Z 20) (1954) troop transporter
  • Lancia TL51 (Z 30) (1954) lorries

EnginesEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. Marc Vorgers. "Lancia history". classicargarage.com. Retrieved on 2008-05-01.
  2. "History/The first models". lancia.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.
  3. "Lancia Coupés & Convertibles: the Aurelia B20 Gran Turismo". ritzsite.net. Retrieved on 2007-06-21.

External linksEdit



Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Lancia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

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