A school bus is a bus that has been designed primarily for the role of student transport. In the United States and Canada, safety regulations have influenced the design of school buses to an extent that they have evolved into separate vehicles from transit buses, and that an industry has been created to manufacture them. In other parts of the world, vehicles used as school buses are outwardly similar to transit buses.
School Bus ConfigurationsEdit
In most instances, school bus manufacturers are second stage manufacturers; however, a few school buses (typically those of Type D configuration) utilize a body and chassis produced by a single manufacturer. The North American school bus industry produces buses in four different body configurations, listed below:
- Type A ("cutaway van") school buses are the smallest, typically with a GVWR under 10,000 pounds. These are constructed from a bus body placed on a cutaway van chassis with a left-side driver's door. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 16–30 passengers.
- See also Short buses.
- Type B ("integrated") school buses are larger than Type A, with a GVWR over 10,000 pounds. These are constructed from a bus body mounted either to a stripped chassis or to a cowled chassis. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 30–36 passengers.
- Type C ("conventional") school buses have a GVWR of over 10,000 pounds, typically between 23,000 and 29,500 pounds. These are constructed from a bus body mounted to a cowled medium-duty truck chassis usually supplied by another manufacturer. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 36–78 passengers.
- Type D ("transit") school buses have a GVWR of over 10,000 lbs, typically between 25,000 and 36,000 pounds. They are constructed from a bus body mounted to a separate chassis. Unlike other types of school buses, the entrance door is mounted forward of the front axle. Typical passenger capacity ranges from 54–90 passengers.
Lists of ManufacturersEdit
|Blue Bird Corporation||
||1932||Fort Valley, Georgia|
|Thomas Built Buses, Inc.||
||1972||High Point, North Carolina|
|Type A-only Manufacturers|
||1935||Drummondville, Quebec, Canada||
||2007||Warwick, New York||
|Recently Defunct Manufacturers (1980-present)|
|Company Name||Foundation||Ceased Production||Location||Notes|
| AmTran |
(American Transportation Corporation)
|Carpenter Industries, Inc.||1919||2001||
|Crown By Carpenter||1996||1999||Richmond, Indiana||
|Coach and Equipment Manufacturing||
||Penn Yan, New York||
|Crown Coach Corporation||1904||1991||
|Gillig Corporation||1890||1993||Hayward, California||
|Les Enterprises Michel Corbeil (Corbeil)||
|St-Lin-Laurentides, Quebec, Canada||
|Mid Bus Corporation||1981||2008||
|New Bus, Inc.||1990||Chickasha, Oklahoma||
|Superior Coach Company||
|U.S. Bus Corporation||
||Suffern, New York||
|Ward Body Works||1933||1980||
|Wayne Corporation ||1837||1992||
|Wayne Wheeled Vehicles||1992||1995||Marysville, Ohio|
|Historical Manufacturers (before 1980)|
|Company Name||Ceased Production||Location||Notes|
|Hackney Brothers Body Company||c. 1966||Wilson, North Carolina||
|Northern Coach ||
|Oneida Products Corporation||1960||
|Perley A. Thomas Car Works||1972||High Point, North Carolina|
|Union City Body Company||1957||Union City, Indiana||
- ↑ School Bus Transportation News at STN Media
- ↑ Ryan Gray (6 November 2009). "Starcraft, Hino Trucks to Partner on Type C School Bus". School Transportation News. STN Media Group. Retrieved on 9 November 2009.
- ↑ This literature has Coach and Equipment's business address at the time.
- ↑ This is a website that shows both manufacturers' literature and photographs of their different bus models
- ↑ Tris Online: The New Bus Company Enters The Market
- ↑ http://www.schoolbuscentral.com/gallery/archived/feb04/images/11.bmp
- ↑ http://www.schoolbuscentral.com/gallery/archived/jan04/images/14.jpg
- ↑ http://www.schoolbuscentral.com/gallery/archived/jan04/tam_1_re_91_lit.htm Webpage showing product literature and information
- ↑ http://busexplorer.com/SchoolBus/Archives/Other/xHackneyFord66.html This includes city information, and more specific product information
- ↑ http://www.schoolbuscentral.com/gallery/manufacturers/northern/images/0903_24.jpg
- ↑ http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/o/oneida/oneida.htm
- ↑ http://www.coachbuilt.com/bui/u/union_city/union_city.htm brief company history with location information
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