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Mann letterhead

Letterhead from Mann's Patent Steam Cart and Wagon Company

Mann’s Patent Steam Cart and Wagon Company manufactured steam powered road vehicles in Leeds, England.

Early history Edit

The company was founded by James Hutchinson Mann, a native of Leeds. Mann had been apprenticed to J&H McLaren & Co. and also worked for Marshall, Sons & Co. of Gainsborough. In January 1894 he commenced a partnership with Sidney Charlesworth under the title Mann and Charlesworth, and their works was in Canning Street, off Dewsbury Road, Leeds. This company manufactured traction engines, stationery engines and road rollers. One of their notable inventions was the single eccentric reversing gear. This compact device allowed the sequence of valve opening of a steam engine to be changed, both in terms of “cut-off” and “direction” without the need for link motion and all the associated levers. In 1898 Mann and Charlesworth produced on behalf of Philip Parmiter, an agricultural steam cart using the front end of a conventional traction engine, and a roller at the rear. This was one of the first, practical, load-carrying road vehicles. Mann realised the potential for this machine and went on to develop this into his “Patent Steam Cart” – to which the company title referred.

Pepper Road Edit

Charlesworth left the partnership in 1898 and by September 1899 the organisation called Mann's Patent Steam Cart and Wagon Company was registered. The success of the patent cart was such that Mann decided to construct a new works on Pepper Road, Hunslet, Leeds and the move was complete by December 1901. The large, modern, well-equipped works was an ambitious move and was initially very successful. The period up to and including the First World War was the heyday of the company. The company's main products were their 3-ton and 5-ton wagon, however, these were produced in a whole range of variations, including; Articulated 6-wheeler, Gully cleaning wagon, Brewers wagon, Bus bodied wagon, Municipal dustcart, Street watering wagon, Tar spraying wagon, Tipping wagon, and many more. In addition, the company produced a range of tractors for both road and agricultural use. Another popular product for municipal use was their lightweight patching roller, used for road repair. In 1924 the company introduced their superb Mann Express wagon, with shaft drive, high-speed engine and fully enclosed cab. Unfortunately, this wagon was not a commercial success and by 1926 Mann's Patent Steam Cart and Wagon Company was in trouble. Despite attempts to provide additional finance, it was not possible to save the company, and in 1929 the works closed completely.

Subsequent history Edit

In February 1929 the Mann company was purchased by Atkinson Walker Wagons Limited, of Preston, who were also manufacturers of steam wagons (Later to merge with Seddon). They renamed the company Mann’s Steam & Motor Wagon Company. However, Atkinson were in a poor financial position and as a result they sold the Mann business in 1930 to Scammell and Nephew of Spitalfields, London E1. Scammell produced a few Mann wagons, largely from the spares they acquired.

Model range producedEdit

UK Preserved MachinesEdit

List any known machines with brief details. (More detailed info can be added on each engines own page via link in table).

List of known machines built by Mann in preservation (TER 2008 only lists 13 machines known in the UK)
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Engine No. Name Build Date Type Weight Power nhp Reg No. Owner Image Other info
Mann no. 751
non UK engine
Name ? 1912 wagon weight ? power ? Reg no. Duncan, British Columbia Image needed LHB


Featured in Old Glory Magazine no. 252 Feb 2011
Mann no. 811
Non UK engine
Name ? date built wagon weight ? power ? Reg no. Duncan Canada Image needed LHB


Featured in Old Glory Magazine no. 252 Feb 2011
Mann no. 881 Uncle Walt 1914 Steam Wagon (Converted Tractor) 5 Ton 4 nhp TF 2598 ex A. Stevens (now in Czech Republic)[1] Mann no. 881 Wagon Uncle Walt reg TF 2598 at Bloxham 09 - IMG 5853 At Bloxham Steam Rally 2009
Mann no. 997 - 1915 Wagon 3 ton 4 nhp - Owner ? Image needed LHB


Parts only repatriated from Australia
Mann no. 1120 Nobby 1916 Wagon 5 ton power U 3781 Owner ? Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
Mann no. 1145 Miss Mann 1917 Patching Roller 4 ton ? 4 nhp ? KM 514 C. Wood from Frome Mann no. 1145 Patching roller Miss Mann reg KM 514 at Lister Tyndale 09 - IMG 4452 Unique roller seen at Lister Tyndale Steam Rally 2009
Mann no. 1216 Mighty Mann 1917 Tractor 4 ton  ? nhp U 4249 Owner ?, ROI Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
[Mann no. 1260 Old King Cole 1917 Tractor 4 ton 5 nhp U 4298 Owner Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
Mann no. 1287 Tiny Tim 1918 tractor 4 ton 4 nhp FU 5027 Owner ?, Image needed LHB


Misc info
Mann no. 1325 Myfanwy 1918 Tractor/wagon 5 ton 4 nhp U 4748 J. Phillips, Anglesey Wales Mann no 1325 -T- Myfanwy (U4748) at Onslow 2011 - IMG 4442 At Onslow Park Rally 2011
Mann no. 1343 Lizer 1919 Tractor 5 ton 4 nhp U 4891 Owner ? Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
Mann no. 1365 - 1919 Wagon 5 ton  ? nhp U 4990 Mark Hitchin, Hilton Derbyshire Mann no. 1365 - wagon - UG 4990 at cromford 2010 - IMG 9750 At Cromford Steam Rally 2010
Mann no. 1386 Brinkburn Lass' 1919 Tractor  ? ton 4 nhp U 4943 R. Wakefield Mann no. 1386 - ST - Brinkburn Lass - U 4943 at Corbridge 2010 - IMG 8731 At Old Warden
Mann no. 1425 Little Jim 1920 Tractor 6ton 4 nhp U 7075 Owner Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
Mann no. 1673 Name ? 192? Wagon weight power Reg no. Owner ?, In Australia Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
Mann no. 1747 - 1928 Tractor  ? ton  ? nhp MUP 662 B I'Anson & P Rawe c/o Beamish Open Air Museum. Mann 1747 Beamish 050910 At Beamish Museum 5/9/10 (Stored apart from Special Events)
Image needed LHB


Mann no. 1234 Name date built type weight power Reg no. ? Owner ? Image needed LHB


Misc info (were seen, photo taken, special features etc)
Key References
Machine types Key: SW = Steam Wagon, PE = Ploughing Engine, RR = Road Roller, SM = Showmans, TE = Traction Engine
  1. TER 2016 ed


See alsoEdit

collecting

References / sourcesEdit

  • Pease, J. (2005). The History of Mann’s Patent Steam Cart and Wagon Company. Landmark Publishing, Ashbourne, UK. ISBN 1-84306-205-4. 

External linksEdit


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