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Massey Ferguson

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Massey Ferguson Limited
Type Subsidiary of AGCO
Founded 1958
Headquarters United States Duluth, Georgia, USA
Industry Agriculture
Products Agricultural machinery, Consumer & Commercial Equipment, Financial Services, Tractors
Website masseyferguson.com
Massey ferguson tractor
Massey Ferguson Tractor
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Ferguson trailer - at Peterborough-IMG 3045
A Massey Ferguson trailer
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Massey Ferguson 35 and 3 ton trailer - John Gunningham at Newark 08 - IMG 3709
An award winning restoration by John Gunningham from Somerset on display at the Newark Vintage Tractor and Heritage Show 2008
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Massey Ferguson Limited was a major agricultural equipment manufacturer. Formed by a merger between Massey-Harris and the Ferguson tractor company in the early 1950s, a series of financial difficulties in the 1980s led to the company downsizing and being broken up before what was left of the original firm disappeared in the 1990s. Today the company exists only as a brand name used by AGCO, but remains a major seller around the world.


HistoryEdit

The firm originated in 1847 in Newcastle, Ontario by Daniel Massey as the Newcastle Foundry and Machine Manufactures. The company began making some of the world's first mechanical threshers, first by assembling parts from the United States and eventually designing and building their own equipment. The firm was taken over and expanded by his eldest son Hart Almerrin Massey who renamed it the Massey Manufacturing Co. and in 1879 moved the company to Toronto where it soon became one of the city's leading employers. The massive collections of factories on King St. West became one of the best known features of the city. Massey expanded the company and began to sell its products internationally. Through extensive advertising campaigns he made it one of the most well known brands in Canada. It is reputed that the firm owed much of its success to Canadian tariffs that prevented the larger American firms from competing in Canada. A labour shortage throughout the country also helped to make the firm's mechanized equipment very attractive.

Massey Harris 201
A Massey-Harris 201 at Newby Hall in 2008
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In 1891, Massey merged with the A. Harris, Son & Co. Ltd. to become Massey-Harris Co. and became the largest agricultural equipment maker in the British Empire. In 1910, the company opened a factory in the United States, making it one of Canada's first multinational firms. In the 1930s, it introduced the first self-propelled combine harvester. Massey-Harris also produced one of the world's first four-wheel drive tractors. Hart Massey's sons, Charles, Chester, Walter, and Fred became closely involved in the business and eventually took over its operations. They were, however, the last generation of Masseys to run the company. Other members of the family went on to do other accomplishments: Vincent Massey became Governor General of Canada and Raymond Massey became a noted actor in American films. The Massey family used their fortune to improve the city of Toronto, and many institutions, such as the University of Toronto, Upper Canada College, Crescent School, Appleby College, Massey Hall and Metropolitan United Church, were partially financed by the Masseys.


Massey-Harris-FergusonEdit

In 1953, the company merged with the Ferguson Company to become Massey-Harris-Ferguson, before finally taking on its current name in 1958.

Massey-FergusonEdit

The company shortened the name to Massey-Ferguson in 1958, and tried to consolidate the two dealer networks and product lines. Its television and radio advertising featured an upbeat jingle of a mens' chorus singing, "He's a get-up-early, keep-'em-rollin', Massey-Ferguson kind of a man." But the company soon began to decline financially. Facing increasing international competition and an agricultural sector diminishing in importance, the firm began to struggle.

SunshineEdit

In 1955, Massey purchased the Australian H.V. McKay company, manufacturers of the brand Sunshine. Hugh Victor McKay had invented the stripper harvester in 1884, the first machine to combine the functions of reaping, threshing and winnowing grain from a standing crop. McKay later established a manufacturing base at Ballarat, and then transferred to Braybrook Junction, re-named Sunshine in 1907 after the harvester's brand name. By the 1920’s the H.V. McKay Company was running the largest implement factory in the southern hemisphere covering 30.4 hectares (76 acres), and were leading the international agricultural industry through the development of the world's first self-propelled harvester in 1924.

In 1930 the H.V. McKay Company was granted exclusive Australian distribution of Massey-Harris machinery. The company was then renamed H.V. McKay Massey Harris Pty Ltd. Throughout World War II H.V. McKay Massey Harris exported over 20,000 Sunshine drills, disc harrows and binders to England to facilitate the increase in food production.

LandiniEdit

In 1959, Massey bought 100% of Landini, based in Italy. Landini has built many models for Massey over the years, especially vineyard and crawler models. Massey sold 66% to ARGO SpA in 1989, some to Iseki later on, and the final portion was sold to AGCO in 2000. ARGO and AGCO still provide models to one another.[1]

PerkinsEdit

In 1959 Perkins Engines of Peterborough, England, was purchased. Perkins having been the main diesel engine supplier for Massey Ferguson for many years. In 1990 taking over Dorman Diesels of Stafford to form Perkins Engines (Stafford) Ltd. Followed by Perkins in the 1980s also taking over Rolls Royce (Diesels) Ltd, to form Perkins engines (Shrewsbury) Ltd. Perkins was sold off in 1998 by then owner LucasVarity to Caterpillar Inc. who were a major customer for their smaller & medium power engines, Caterpillar being a major producer of large diesel engines for static and mobile application.[2]

Ebro of SpainEdit

In 1966, Massey purchased 32% of the Spanish tractor and auto company Ebro, or Motor Iberica. Ebro had previously built Ford tractors under licence, but now began building models for Massey, and Massey models under licence. Massey sold its interest to Nissan in the 1980s.[3]

Starting in 1969, Massey Ferguson started producing a line of snowmobiles by the name Ski Whiz. The snowmobile line sold until 1977, when sales declined.

Conrad Black take overEdit

In the 1970s, Massey Ferguson came under the control of Conrad Black. During the late 1970s, production was relocated to a new large facility in Brantford, Ontario. In 1987 Massey Ferguson was the first to introduce an electronic control system for the three-point hitch on a tractor.[citation needed]

In 1973, Massey purchased the German company Eicher, and many Massey-licensed Eichers were built. They later sold their interest, and Dromson now owns the company. They now build specialized tractors for vineyards and such. The mf 135

In 1981, Black donated his shares in Massey Ferguson to the employee's pension plans leading the way to a $250 million government bail-out from the Government of Canada and the Province of Ontario for the collapsing company which later renamed itself as Varity Corporation. In the mid 1980s, Varity spun off several money-losing divisions into an entity called Massey Combines Corporation. Massey Combines Corporation was headquartered in Brantford, Ontario and became insolvent on March 8, 1998, and its assets were re-acquired by Massey Ferguson.

Fermec sale Edit

In 1992, a management buyout of MF industrial created the company Fermec which finally ceased trading in 2001 when it was taken over by the Terex corporation. This encompassed all construction equipment from Massey. It was then purchased by J.I.Case in 1997.[4]

Despite some of the companies' hardships, Massey Ferguson was selling 25% more tractors than its nearest competitors at this time. In 1995 Massey Ferguson’s worldwide holdings were purchased by the US-based AGCO Corporation. In August 1996, Varity merged with Lucas Automotive to become LucasVarity.

After a series of mergers and take-overs, the remains of LucasVarity were taken over by the US company TRW. Since 1962, Massey Ferguson has been the world's leading tractor brand.[citation needed] Currently, there are more Massey tractors than any other, worldwide.

ModelsEdit

MF 35 with hydraulic loader-P8100554
MF fitted with loader (modified for power tilt)
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MF Muck spreader (restored) -P8100545
Restored MF muck spreader
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Massey Ferguson (under control of AGCO Corporation) have continued to developed a wide range of agricultural vehicles and have a large share in the market across the world especially in Europe.

The first truly wholesale tractor was the Massey Ferguson TVO which was quickly replaced by the Diesel 20. Proceeding the Diesel 20 came the Massey Ferguson 35 (a Ferguson design) and later MF 35X. These tractors were massively popular and sold well across the UK and Ireland in particular.

They then went on to develop a range of tractors, but the next huge seller was the MF135, widely popular because of its reliability and power compared with other tractors at the time.

The range was then expanded to create the Massey Ferguson 100 series. These included the MF 145, 148, 150, 165, 168, 175, 178, 185 and 188. Later came the (Massey Ferguson 500 series) MF 550, 565, 575, 590, 595. From the early 80s came the Massey Ferguson 200 series tractor, which included the MF 240, 245, 250, 255, 260, 265, 270, 275, 278, 280, 285, 290, 299.

In the mid '80s the short-lived Massey Ferguson 600 series was released. This included the 690, 690T, 695, 698 and 699. The reason for poor sale was attributed to its poor looks and cab awkwardness compared to its predecessors, by some buyers and the press.

In the late '80s, one of the greatest selling tractors of all time was released- the 300 series Massey Ferguson. Excellent power, simplicity of cab, high range of gears and components made the Massey Ferguson 300 series a roaring success especially in Europe. The range included the MF 362,375,390, 390T, 393, 394, 395, 398, and the most powerful and popular Massey Ferguson 399. Ranging from 72HP to 104HP, It was reputed that "there was nothing this tractor could not do for a farmer of that time and still to this day".

In the mid '90s the Massey Ferguson 6100 series and Massey Ferguson 8100 series were released, including the 6150, 6180 and 8130.

TodayEdit

Currently it is the most highly sought after farmer's tractor in the world leading it to be very expensive in comparison to other tractors of the same specifications. Tractors that came after the 300 series included the Massey Ferguson 4200 series, the MF 4300 series and presently the Massey Ferguson 5400 series. MF produced many tractors in between that were aimed at a more niche market including "Datatronic" and "Dynashift/Powershift" machines. These included the 3600 (early 90s), 3000 (early to mid 90s), 3100 (mid 90s), 6100 (late 90s), 6200 (late 90s/early 2000s), 8200 (late 90s/early 2000s), 6400(present), 7400(present) and 8400(present).

AGCO/Massey Ferguson factories build tractors for Challenger, Iseki and AGCO, with other modern MF models beeing badged tractors from other manufacturers.

Agricultural Equipment - Discontinued ProductionEdit

Tractors from post Massey-Harris merger period 1957 till 1990s AGCO take over

TractorsEdit

Massey Ferguson 35-Restored-Driffield-P8100562
Restored MF 35 at Driffield show
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MF 165 tractor DTJ 431E at Driffield-P8100534
A MF 165 at Driffield Steam and Vintage Rally 2008
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MF 135 with rare 4-WD conversion-Driffield-P8100532
MF 135 with 4-wd conversion
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MF 178 at bath IMG 5009
A restored MF 178 at the Bath and Southwest Tractor Show 2009
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MF 1150 reg UDV 165H at Bath - DSC01671 edited
A large US built V8 powered MF 1150 tractor reg no. UDV 165H at the Bath and Southwest Tractor show 2009
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Massey 788 combine
A preserved Massey Ferguson 788 combine used for demonstrations at working days
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MF 590 at Driffield-P8100536
A MF 590 at Driffield Steam Rally 2008
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Massey Ferguson 595 - reg NKW 337R at Masham 09 - IMG 0304
A 'tidy' working MF 595 in the Dales at Masham Steam Rally 2009
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Massey Ferguson 3645 at Riverside 09 - IMG 7491
A demonstrator MF 3645 on the MF dealer's Clarke and Pullman Ltd stand at Riverside Steam and Vintage Vehicle Rally 2009
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Massey Ferguson 5445 at Riverside 09 - IMG 7485
A new MF 5445 on a dealer stand
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    • MF 5445 circa 2009 - current model
Massey Ferguson 6470 at Riverside 09 - IMG 7484
A MF 6470 demonstrator
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Ground care range Edit

Massey Ferguson GC2300 mower at Riverside 09 - IMG 7486
A Massey Ferguson Mower tractor, the GC2300, on the Clarke and Pulman Ltd stand at the Riverside Steam and Vintage Vehicle Rally 2009
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North American built modelsEdit

MF 97 - MM built - D50456 - reg VPV 682S at Pickering 09 - IMG 3197
A MF 97 built by Minneapolis-Moline on show at Pickering Steam Rally in the UK in 2009
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This list may duplicate entries in the numerical list

Transition models from M-H to MF

UK built ModelsEdit

French built modelsEdit

Massey Ferguson 25 at lamport hall 2011 - IMG 5694
Massey Ferguson 25
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Italian Built modelsEdit

Articulated ModelsEdit

Massey Ferguson 1200 at Bath - DSC01640 edited
A ex Farm condition Massey Ferguson 1200 at the Bath and Southwest Tractor show 2009, stood next to a Perkins engined Nuffield
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SpecialsEdit

4-wd conversions and Foreign market machines

MF CrawlersEdit

Massey Ferguson 274C crawler at Duncombe Park 09 - IMG 7960
A rare in the UK Massey Ferguson 274C Crawler tractor seen at the 2009 Duncombe Park Steam Rally
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CombinesEdit

Harvesting MachineryEdit

Miscellaneous LinesEdit

MF Potato planter
Potato planter
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Chain saws
Trailers
Forage blower
Implements
Pressure washers

Construction / Industrial RangeEdit

Main article: Massey Ferguson Construction
Massey Ferguson 35X industrial at GDSF 08 - IMG 0639
A Massey Ferguson 35X industrial tractor
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Agricultural Equipment - Post AGCO merger - (1994 - current models)Edit

Ranges introduced after the AGCO merger & earlier models still in production. (Some may be wrong, please add date info & move, as required to Pre merger list)

MF 1547 at Lamma - IMG 4640
A MF 1547 on grass tyres at the LAMMA show in 2009
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MF 1839 baler IMG 4634
MF 1839 'small' baler at LAMMA show 2009
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MF 945 Loader IMG 4632
MF 945 tractor mounted loader with Fork-grab
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Massey Ferguson 7495 at Lamma - IMG 4600
A new MF 7495 tractor
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TractorsEdit

Combine HarvestersEdit

Combine HeadersEdit

MF Combine IMG 4635
A MF Combine and header on display at the LAMMA show in 2009
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Square BalersEdit

Round BalersEdit

  • MF163F series
  • MF 169V series
  • MF 2600 Hesston series
  • MF 2700 Hesston series

Self Propelled WindrowersEdit

MF 9635 Hesston swather - 2007
Massey Ferguson Hesston 9635 swather
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PlantersEdit

LoadersEdit

AgTVEdit

Grounds CareEdit

Petrol Ride-On MowersEdit

  • MF 2107 - MF 3320HE series

Professional MowersEdit

  • MF 2927D series

LicenseesEdit

Massey Ferguson is the most widely sold brand of agricultural machinery in the world. The brand and designs are or were licensed to a variety of companies around the world including:

  • Ebro - Spanish company purchased and later sold by Massey Ferguson.
  • Eicher - German company purchased and later sold by Massey Ferguson.
  • Farmwell - assembled by Samarakoon Tractor Industries Private Limited in Sri Lanka
  • GIAD - assembled by Giad Automotive Industry Co in Sudan.
  • IMT - Industriya Masina I.Traktoru in Yugoslavia.
  • ITMCo - Iran Tractor Mfg Co in Iran. Own/sell under VenIran, TajIran, MFT and Eder Derdison names.
  • Landini - Italian company purchased and later sold by Massey Ferguson.
  • Millat - Millat Tractors in Pakistan.
  • Sutcliff - license built
  • TAFE - assemble and license designs, in India.
  • TajIran - joint venture between Iran Tractor and Homa Company in Tajikistan. Assembles tractors.
  • Ursus - former licensee in Poland.
  • Uzel - Uzel Tractor Plant in Turkey
  • VenIran - joint venture between Iran Tractor Mfg Co. and Corporation Venezuala de Guayana in Venezuela. Assembles tractors under license.
  • Zadrugar - of Yugoslavia. Built the Massey Ferguson 35 under license.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://www.landini.it
  2. The Massey Legacy, by John Farnworth, ISBN 0-85236-403-2
  3. Ford Iberica - Ebro
  4. TEREX Construction
  5. Classic Massey & Ferguson enthusiast Magazine Feb 2011, page 20&21

External linksEdit


Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Massey Ferguson. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

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