|Fate||Merged with Austin Motor Company|
|Successor||British Motor Corporation|
|Headquarters||Cowley, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England|
|Key people||William Morris|
The Nuffield Organisation was a vehicle manufacturing company in the United Kingdom. Named after its founder, William Morris, 1st Viscount Nuffield, it was formed in 1938 as the merger of Nuffield's Morris Motor Company (already having acquired Wolseley Motors in 1927), another of Nuffield's companies the MG Car Company and Riley.
Second World WarEdit
During World War II Nuffield was engaged in military production. Among their activities was production of the Liberty L-12 engine for use in British tanks of the period. In 1939 one of their subsidiaries was given the opportunity to take part in production of the Covenanter tank then being designed but opted to develop their own version of the design which became the Crusader tank. They followed this with the Cavalier tank which used the Liberty engine as well. The tank was built but the power of the Liberty was limited and with the increase in tank weight the Cavalier was not used in combat. The last tank the Liberty was produced for was the A27L Centaur tank, effectively an underpowered Cromwell tank.
Automobile production of Morris, MG, Wolseley and Riley marques restarted in the 1940s. Post war, Nuffield vice chairman, Sir Miles Thomas, announced to the I.S.M.A at Hull in 1946 "Nuffield to Make Tractors". Production started in 1948 with the Nuffield Universal tractor, launched at the Smithfield show in December 1948. Designed by former David Brown Ltd. tractor designer Dr. H E Merritt, who had been involved in tank design during the war.
Tractor manufacture was undertaken at the former Wolseley factory in Birmingham, England.
Following the later merger of BMC with Leyland Motors the Nuffield tractor brand became Leyland Tractors in 1968. The production of tractors was transferred to a new facility at Bathgate in Scotland, to free up the space for car production in the Birmingham factory. The Bathgate factory was a new facility built to create employment in central Scotland.
- Main article: Nuffield Universal
- Marshall, Sons & Co. - Part taken over by Leyland,
- Track Marshall - Nuffield tractors renamed Marshall after sale by Leyland.
- Clubs Listing
|This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2008)|
- www.thenuffieldand leylandtractorclub.co.uk - UK Nuffield and Leyland tractor club
- www.nuhvi.net - Nuffield - Leyland Club Finland
|British Leyland – car companies & marques|
|Jaguar||SS Cars||Jaguar|| Jaguar|
|BMH||British Leyland|| Jaguar|
|Rover||Rover||Rover||Rover|| Austin Rover Group|
Land Rover Group (BL plc)
|Rover Group (BAe)|| Rover Group|
|MG & Rover (BMW)|
|Land Rover||PAG (Ford)|
|Standard||Standard||Standard Triumph||Leyland Motors||British Motor Heritage|
|MG||Morris Garages (MG)|| Rover Group|
|MG Rover Group (Phoenix)|| SAIC|
|Vanden Plas||Vanden Plas|
|Austin-Healey||Austin (BMC) & Donald Healey|
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