This article is about the unit of mass. For the unit of force, see Pound-force. For the unit of volume, see Fluid ounce. For all other uses, see Wikipedia:Ounce (disambiguation). This article is from wikipedia to define a term used in other articles.

The ounce (abbreviated: oz, the old Italian word onza, now spelled oncia; apothecary symbol: ) is a unit of mass in a number of different systems, including various systems of mass that form part of the imperial and United States customary systems. Its size can vary from system to system. The most commonly used ounces today are the international avoirdupois ounce and the international troy ounce.

Definitions Edit

Historically, in different parts of the world, at different points in time, and for different applications, the ounce (or its translation) has referred to broadly similar but different standards of mass (or weight, before the distinction between weight and mass developed). An ounce is more often a measure of force as opposed to mass or weight, comparable to lbf, or pound force. Some of these other ounces are described below.

Summary of ounce units
ounce variant mass in grams mass in grains
International avoirdupois ounce 28.35 437.5
International troy ounce 31.1034768 480
Apothecaries' ounce
Maria Theresa ounce 28.0668 433.137
Dutch metric ounce 100 1,543.236
Chinese metric ounce 50 771.618

Note: The grain values for the Maria Theresa, Dutch and Chinese
ounces are rounded to the nearest thousandth of a grain.

International avoirdupois ounce Edit

The avoirdupois ounce is the most commonly used ounce today. It is defined to be one sixteenth of an avoirdupois pound. It is therefore equal to 437.5 grains.

In 1958 the United States and countries of the Commonwealth of Nations agreed to define the international avoirdupois pound to be exactly 0.45359237 kilograms. Consequently, since 1958, the international avoirdupois ounce is exactly 28.349523125 grams by definition.

The ounce is commonly used as a unit of mass in the United States. The ounce remains a familiar unit in the United Kingdom, especially amongst older people.

International troy ounce Edit

A troy ounce (abbreviated as t oz) is equal to 480 grains. Consequently, the international troy ounce is equal to exactly 31.1034768 grams. There are 12 troy ounces in the now obsolete troy pound.

Today, the troy ounce is used only to express the mass of precious metals such as gold, platinum or Silver.

For historical measurement of gold,

  • a fine ounce is a troy ounce of 99.5% (".995") pure gold
  • a standard ounce is a troy ounce of 22 carat gold, 91.66% pure (11 "fine ounces" plus one ounce of alloy material)

Apothecaries' ounce Edit

The obsolete apothecaries' ounce equivalent to the troy ounce, was formerly used by apothecaries (now called pharmacists or chemists).

Maria Theresa ounce Edit

"Maria Theresa ounce" was once introduced in Ethiopia and some European countries, which was equal to the weight of one Maria Theresa thaler, or 28.0668 g. Both the weight and the value are the definition of one "Birr", still in use in present-day Ethiopia and formerly in Eritrea.

Metric ounces Edit

Some countries have redefined their ounces to fit in with the metric system[1].

The Dutch have redefined their ounce (in Dutch, ons) as 100 grams[2] [3]. The Dutch's metric values, such as 1 ons = 100 grams, is inherited, adopted and taught in Indonesia since elementary school. It is also formally written in Indonesian national dictionary (Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia) and elementary school's formal manual book.

East Asia has a traditional ounce, known as a tael, of varying value. In China, it has been given a metric value of 50 grams.

Other uses Edit

Fabric Weight Edit

Ounces are also used to express the "weight", or more accurately density, of a textile fabric in North America or Asia, as in "16 oz denim". The number refers to the weight in ounces of a given amount of fabric, either a yard of a given width, or a square yard.[4][5]

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  1. D.A Wittop Koning & G.M.M Houben, 2000 jaar gewichten in de nederlanden,De Tijdstroom, Lochem-Poperinge, 1980.
  2. "Guide to The Hague - Where to turn". Retrieved on 2008-01-01.
  3. "Nederlands metriek stelsel". Retrieved on 2008-01-01.
  4. "How to shop the fabric market". Retrieved on 2008-Dec-10.
  5. "How Many? A Dictionary of Units of Measurement". Retrieved on 2008-Dec-10.

External links Edit

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