Wikia

Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki

Scania

Talk0
14,427pages on
this wiki
Scania AB
Type Public
Founded 1891
Headquarters Södertälje, Sweden
Key people Leif Östling, President, CEO, and Director;
Jan Ytterberg, Group VP and CFO;
Martin Winterkorn, Chairman of the Supervisory Board;
Börje Ekholm, Vice Chairman
Industry Manufacturing
Products Commercial vehicles,
Diesel engines
Revenue (turnover) SEK 84,486 million (2007)[1]
Profit SEK 8,554 million (2007)[1]
Employees 35,100 (2007)[1]
Parent Volkswagen Group
Website Scania.com

Scania AB is a global manufacturer of heavy trucks (British English: lorries), buses, and diesel engines, with head office in Södertälje, Sweden. Scania has production facilities in Europe and Latin America. In addition, there are assembly plants in ten countries in Africa, Asia and Europe. Scania's sales and service organisation and finance companies are worldwide. In total the company employ 35 000 people around the world.

HistoryEdit

Scania Bonnetted and customised
A Customised Bonneted Scania tractor Unit
BulldozerD11Added by BulldozerD11

Scania AB (Scania is Latin for the providence of Skåne) came from a merge between the two companies; VABIS and Scania. VABIS (Vagnsfabriksaktiebolaget i Södertälje) was founded in 1891 in Södertälje, 35 km south of Stockholm, and manufactured wheels and train carts. Maskinaktiebolaget Scania was founded in 1900 in Malmö in the south of Sweden and was in the beginning a manufacturer of bicycles but soon also of cars and trucks. The merge in 1911 gave the company the name Scania-Vabis. The new company concentrated on manufacturing cars, trucks and buses.


After some economic difficulties in 1921, new capital came from Stockholms Enskilda Bank owned by the Wallenberg family and Scania-VABIS became a solid and technically, high standing, company.


In 1969, Scania-VABIS merged with SAAB, and formed Saab-Scania AB. When Saab-Scania was split in 1995, the name of the truck and bus division changed simply to Scania AB. One year later was Scania AB introduced on the stock exchange.


Many examples of Scania, Vabis and Scania-Vabis commercial and military vehicles can be seen at the Marcus Wallenberg-hallen (the Scania Museum) in Södertälje.

OwnershipEdit

Palfinger crane on bonneted Scania 8x4 at GDSF 08 - IMG 1033
A specialist Scania 8x4 showmans truck fitted with 30m (100ft) palfinger crane
BulldozerD11Added by BulldozerD11

The two major stockholders of Scania are:

  • Volkswagen Group is Scania's biggest shareholder, with a 68.6% voting stake in Scania. It gained this by first buying Volvo's stake in 2000, after the latter's aborted takeover attempt, increasing it to 36.4% in 2007, and then buying the remainder from Investor AB in March 2008.[2] The deal was approved by regulatory bodies in July 2008.[3] Scania AB then became the ninth brand in the Volkswagen Group.
  • MAN AG holds a 17.01% voting stake in Scania. Notably Volkswagen also owns a 29.9% voting stake in MAN, acquired in 2007.[4]

Aborted Volvo takeoverEdit

On 7 August 1999, Volvo announced it had agreed to acquire a majority share in Scania. Volvo was to buy the 49.3% stake in Scania that was owned by Investor AB, Scania's main shareholder. The acquisition, for $7.5 billion (60.7 billion SEK), would have created the world's second-largest manufacturer of heavy trucks, behind DaimlerChrysler. The cash for the deal came from Volvo selling its car division to Ford in January 1999.[5]

The deal eventually failed, after the European Union had disapproved of the affair, saying it would create a company with almost 100% market share in the Nordic markets.

Aborted MAN takeoverEdit

In September 2006, the German truckmaker MAN AG launched a €10.3bn hostile offer to acquire Scania AB. Scania's CEO Leif Östling was forced to apologise for comparing the bid of MAN to a "Blitzkrieg". MAN AG later dropped its hostile offer, but in January 2008 MAN increased their voting rights in Scania up to 17%.

ProductsEdit

Scania develops, manufactures and sells trucks with a gross vehicle weight of more than 16 tonnes (Class 8), intended for long-distance haulage, regional and local distribution of goods as well as construction haulage.

Scania’s bus range is concentrated on bus chassis, intended for use in tourist coaches as well as urban and intercity traffic.

Scania’s industrial and marine engines are used in generator sets and in earthmoving and agricultural machinery, as well as on board ships and pleasure crafts.

CurrentEdit

Scania tractor unit model 111 reg RWW 598W at NMM - IMG 2842
A Scania 111 4x2 tractor unit (the TIR plate indicates it was used on international haulage work)
BulldozerD11Added by BulldozerD11
Scania 113M 380 reg L84 MYA Step frame trailer at Donnington -09 - IMG 6231small
A Tidy working Scania 113M 380 complete with Step frame machinery trailer used for transporting historic vehicles to exhibitions
BulldozerD11Added by BulldozerD11
Scania 143H - G37 UMW at Belvoir 09 - IMG 8370
A Scania 143H converted to Showmans tractor unit
BulldozerD11Added by BulldozerD11
Scania R 480 - NJ08 OCH of Prestons of Potto at DP 09 - IMG 8029
A modern Scania R 480 of Prestons of Potto
BulldozerD11Added by BulldozerD11
Buses
  • K-series - New bus and coach range with Euro 4 engines
  • N-series - New bus range with Euro 4 engines
  • OmniLink (CK-series) - Rear-engined citybus
  • OmniCity (CN-series) - Transverse-engined citybus
  • OmniExpress (LK-series) - intercity coach
Trucks/Special vehicles
  • P-series - Typical applications are regional and local distribution, construction, and various specialised operations associated with locally-based transportation and services. P-series trucks have the new P cabs, which are available in three variations: a single-berth sleeper, a spacious day cab and a short cab.
  • G-series - The G-series models offer an enlarged range of options for operators engaged in national long haul and virtually all types of construction applications. All models have a G cab and each is available as a tractor or rigid. The G-series truck comes with five cab variants: three sleepers, a day cab and a short cab. There are different axle configurations and in most cases a choice of chassis height and suspension.
  • R-series - The R-series model range offers various trucks optimised for long haulage. All models have a Scania R cab and each vehicle is available as a tractor or rigid. There are different axle configurations and a choice of chassis height and suspension.
Scania R420
Scania R420
Neil youngAdded by Neil young

HistoricalEdit

Buses
Trucks/Special vehicles
Engines

Model designation (3-series)Edit

The model designation breakdown is as follows:

  • Main type
    • F: Chassis with engine located longitudinally in front of the front axle
    • K: Chassis with engine located longitudinally behind the rear axle
    • L: Chassis with engine located longitudinally behind the rear axle, inclined 60 degrees leftward
    • N: Chassis with transverse engine located behind the rear axle
    • CN: Complete bus on N-chassis
    • CK: Complete bus on K-chassis
  • Engine series
    • 9: DN9 or DS9 series engine
    • 11: DS11 or DSC11 series engine
  • Development code
    • 3: Third generation
  • Chassis type
    • A: Chassis for articulated bus
    • C: Chassis for single-decker, two-axle bus
    • D: Chassis for double-decker bus
    • N: F-chassis for heavy-duty execution
    • T: chassis for single-decker or double-decker bus with trailing axle
  • Steering wheel location
    • L: Left hand drive
    • R: Right hand drive

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

Commons-logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Template:Scania group

Smallwikipedialogo This page uses some content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Scania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Tractor & Construction Plant Wiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons by Attribution License and/or GNU Free Documentation License. Please check page history for when the original article was copied to Wikia

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki