The square metre (also spelled square meter, see spelling differences) is the SI derived unit of area, with symbol m^{2}(33A1 in Unicode^{[1]}). It is defined as the area of a square whose sides measure exactly one metre. The square metre is derived from the SI base unit of the metre, which in turn is defined as the length of the path travelled by light in absolute vacuum during a time interval of 1⁄299,792,458 of a second.
Adding SI prefixes creates multiples and submultiples; however, as the unit is squared, the order of magnitude difference between units doubles from their comparable linear units. For example, a kilometre is one thousand times the length of a metre, but a square kilometre is one million times the area of a square metre.
Square metres are not necessarily the same as meters squared^{[2]}: an area 2 metres wide by 5 metres long would be 10 square metres, while 10 metres squared means an area of 10 metres by 10 metres. So 10 metres squared equals 100 square meters.
SI prefixes applied to the square metreEdit
The square metre may be used with all SI prefixes used with the metre.
Multiple | Name | Symbol | Multiple | Name | Symbol | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
10^{0} | square metre (centiare) | m^{2} | 10^{0} | square metre (centiare) | m^{2} | |
10^{2} | square decametre (are) | dam^{2} | 10^{–2} | square decimetre | dm^{2} | |
10^{4} | square hectometre (hectare) | hm^{2} | 10^{–4} | square centimetre | cm^{2} | |
10^{6} | square kilometre | km^{2} | 10^{–6} | square millimetre | mm^{2} | |
10^{12} | square megametre | Mm^{2} | 10^{–12} | square micrometre | µm^{2} | |
10^{18} | square gigametre | Gm^{2} | 10^{–18} | square nanometre | nm^{2} | |
10^{24} | square terametre | Tm^{2} | 10^{–24} | square picometre | pm^{2} | |
10^{30} | square petametre | Pm^{2} | 10^{–30} | square femtometre | fm^{2} | |
10^{36} | square exametre | Em^{2} | 10^{–36} | square attometre | am^{2} | |
10^{42} | square zettametre | Zm^{2} | 10^{–42} | square zeptometre | zm^{2} | |
10^{48} | square yottametre | Ym^{2} | 10^{–48} | square yoctometre | ym^{2} |
ConversionsEdit
A square metre is equal to:
- 0.000 001 square kilometre (km^{2})
- 10,000 square centimetres (cm^{2})
- 0.000 1 hectares (ha)
- 0.01 ares (a)
- 1 centiare (ca)
- 0.000 247 105 381 acres
- 1.195 990 square yards
- 10.763 911 square feet
- 1,550.003 1 square inches
See alsoEdit
References / sources Edit
Based on wikipedia article to define common term used in articles.
- ↑ http://unicode.org/cldr/utility/character.jsp?a=33A1
- ↑ mathforum.org Miles Squared vs. Square Miles.
External links Edit
- BIPM (SI maintenance agency) (home page)
- BIPM brochure (SI reference)
Orders of magnitude for area | ||||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
1 E-30 m² = 1 fm² | 1 E-24 m² = 1 pm² | 1 E-18 m² = 1 nm² | 1 E-12 m² = 1 µm² | 1 E-6 m² = 1 mm² | 1 E0 m² = 1 m² | 1 E+6 m² = 1 km² | 1 E+12 m² = 1 Mm² | 1 E+18-24 m² : 1 Gm² |
10 fm² | 10 pm² | 10 nm² | 10 µm² | 10 mm² | 10 m² | 10 km² | 10 Mm² | > 1 E+24 m² : 1 Tm² |
100 fm² | 100 pm² | 100 nm² | 100 µm² | 100 mm² = 1 cm² | 100 m² = 1 a | 100 km² | 100 Mm² | |
1,000 fm² | 1,000 pm² | 1,000 nm² | 1,000 µm² | 10 cm² | 10 a | 1,000 km² | 1,000 Mm² | |
10,000 fm² | 10,000 pm² | 10,000 nm² | 10,000 µm² | 100 cm² | 10,000 m² = 1 ha | 10,000 km² | 10,000 Mm² | |
100,000 fm² | 100,000 pm² | 100,000 nm² | 100,000 µm² | 1,000 cm² | 10 ha | 100,000 km² | 100,000 Mm² | |
SI derived unit square metre, from base unit metre | Conversion of units for area |
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Unit sign | {{{sign}}} | |||
Measure | [[{{{measure}}}]] | |||
Base Unit | [[{{{base}}}]] | |||
Multiple of Base | 10^{{{{multiple}}}} | |||
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Common usage | {{{usage}}} | |||
Examples | ||||
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Conversion | ||||
SI | {{{SI conversion}}} | |||
Imperial | {{{imperial conversion}}} | |||
see also: [[{{{see also}}}]] | ||||
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