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For special classifications for heavy haulage in UK, see STGO.

In the United States, commercial truck classification is determined based on the vehicle's gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). The classes range from 1-8.[1] It also done more broadly under the US DOT Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS) standards, which groups Class 1 and 2 as "Light Duty", 3-5 as "Medium Duty", and 6-8 as "Heavy Duty".[2][3]

ClassesEdit

Class 1Edit

05-07 Toyota Tacoma Double Cab TRD

Light duty Toyota Tacoma

The Class 1 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 0 to 6,000 pounds (0 to 2,722 kg).[1] Examples of trucks in this class include the Toyota Tacoma and GMC Sonoma.[4][5]

Class 2Edit

The Class 2 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 6,001 to 10,000 pounds (2,722 to 4,536 kg).[1] Examples of vehicles in this class include the Nissan Titan and the Ford F-250.[6][5]

Class 3Edit

'99-'04 Ford F-350

Medium duty Ford F-350

The Class 3 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 10,001 to 14,000 pounds (4,536 to 6,350 kg).[7] Examples of vehicles in this class include the dual-rear wheel models of the Ford F-350 and the GMC Sierra 3500.[5]

Class 4Edit

The Class 4 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 14,001 to 16,000 pounds (6,351 to 7,257 kg).[7] Examples of vehicles in this class include the Ford F-450 and the GMC W4500.[5]

Class 5Edit

The Class 5 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 16,001 to 19,500 pounds (7,258 to 8,845 kg).[7] Examples of trucks in this class include the International MXT and GMC Topkick.[8]

Class 6Edit

The Class 6 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) ranges from 19,501 to 26,000 pounds (8,846 to 11,793 kg). Examples of trucks in this class include the International Durastar and GMC Topkick C5500.[9]

Class 7Edit

Triaxle dump truck 2005-10-06.km

Heavy duty Kenworth dump truck.

Vehicles in Class 7 and above require a commercial driver's license to operate in the United States.[10] Their GVWR ranges from 26,001 to 33,000 pounds (11,794 to 14,969 kg). Examples of trucks in this class include the International TranStar 8500.[11]

Class 8Edit

The Class 8 truck gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is anything above 33,000 pounds (14,969 kg).[11] These include all tractor trailer trucks.

Ton ratingEdit

When light-duty trucks were first produced, they were rated by their payload capacity in tons (e.g., 1/2-, 3/4- and 1-ton). The Ford F-150, Chevy/GMC 1500, and Dodge 1500 are a 1/2-ton. The Ford F-250, Chevy/GMC 2500, and Dodge 2500 are a 3/4-ton. The Ford F-350, Chevy/GMC 3500, and Dodge 3500 are a 1-ton. But throughout the years, the payload capacities have increased while the ton title has stayed the same. The current ton rating is nothing more than just a truck name.

See alsoEdit

References / sourcesEdit

External linksEdit


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