The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck, the basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a tractor-trailer truck, a dump truck, a fuel truck, and a 6x6 for towing a 4-wheeled powered trailer. The ZIL-131 also serves as a platform for the BM-51 "Prima" rocket launcher, a 50-tube variant of the BM-21 "Grad".
The ZIL-131 is part of a family of two trucks sharing identical components by ZiL, which also included the ZIL-130. Both trucks were introduced in 1967. The ZIL-131 6x6 has the same equipment as the GAZ-66 and Ural-375D. Unlike the ZIL-131, the ZIL-130 is intended for civilian use.
- Cab Design: Forward Engine (just like the ZIL-130)
- Seating Capacity (cab): 3
- Payload: 11,020 lb (5,000 kg) plus trailer 11,000 lb (on road), or 7,700 lb (3,500 kg) plus trailer 8,820 lb (4,000 kg) off road.
- Suspension: solid axles with leaf springs.
- Engine: V8 gasoline (carburettor)
- Displacement: 5,969 cc (bore 3.94", stroke 3.74")
- Compression Ratio: 6.5:1.
- Top speed: 50 mph (80 km/h).
- Brakes: drums, with pneumatic control.
- Stopping distance (from 20 mph): 40 ft (12 m)
- Length: 23 ft 1 in (7.04 m)
- Width: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
- Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m) (cab)/ 9 ft 9 in (2.97 m) (transport body)
- Wheel base: 10 ft 10 in (3.30 m)+4 ft 7 in (1.40 m)
- Track front/rear: 6 ft (1.83 m)/5 ft 11 in (1.80 m)
- Tire measures: 12.00x20
- Manoeuvrability: turning circle 33'5.6", approach angle 36 deg., departure angle 40 deg., max. ascent angle 31 deg (with 3,750 kg (8,267 lb) load)., ground clearance 13 in (330 mm), overcome ford 4 ft 7 in (1.4 m)
- Curb weight: 14,770 lb (6,700 kg).
- Tires: 305R20
- Tire Pressure: 7.1-60 p.s.i.(remote controlled).
- Fuel tanks: 2x45 gal.
- Fuel economy: 3.6 mpg-US (65 L/100 km/4.3 mpg-imp) (city), 150 to 200 liters/100 km (cross-country).
- Price $7,300 to $8,300 American. (When?)
- cargo/ tractor/ etc
- load: 7.05 m (cargo), width: 2.5 m (98 in), height: 2.5 m (98 in) (cab)
- turning radius: 10.5 m (34 ft)
- transmission: 5 m, 2-speed transfer case
- English speaking Russian truck resource with forum, useful downloads and photos
- AMO ZIL official website
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